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Incidence and impact of time loss and non-time-loss shoulder injury in elite South African cricketers: A one-season, prospective cohort study.
Dutton M;Tam N;Gray J
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Publisher: Elsevier Australia Country of Publication: Australia NLM ID: 9812598 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1878-1861 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 18781861 NLM ISO Abbreviation: J Sci Med Sport Subsets: In Process; MEDLINE Please log in to see more details
Objectives: To determine the incidence, prevalence and impact of shoulder injury in el... more
Incidence and impact of time loss and non-time-loss shoulder injury in elite South African cricketers: A one-season, prospective cohort study.
Publisher: Elsevier Australia Country of Publication: Australia NLM ID: 9812598 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1878-1861 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 18781861 NLM ISO Abbreviation: J Sci Med Sport Subsets: In Process; MEDLINE
Objectives: To determine the incidence, prevalence and impact of shoulder injury in elite South African cricketers.
Design: Prospective longitudinal cohort study.
Methods: One hundred and six senior national/franchise cricketers completed a pre-season Kerlan-Jobe Orthopaedic Clinic shoulder and elbow (KJOC) score. All injuries sustained during the 2016/2017 season were captured on an injury reporting system. Injuries were verified by the respective squad physiotherapist at the end of the season and post-season KJOC score was obtained from all the players.
Results: Eighteen percent (95% CI: 11-25%) of cricketers sustained a shoulder injury, at a rate of 0.19 injuries per player per year. Annual injury prevalence was 1.1%. Shoulder injury occurred primarily while throwing (58%). Fielding performance was maintained by adapting throwing technique (58%) or fielding position (21%). Thirty-two percent of shoulder injuries resulted in time lost to matches and/or training. A history of shoulder injury increased the risk of sustaining another injury by 1.91 times (95% CI: 1.73-2.15). Irrespective of injury, cricketers demonstrated consistently low pre- (78.5 ± 15.6) and post-season (81.2 ± 17.1) KJOC scores. Pre-season KJOC scores were significantly lower (r2 = 0.106, p = 0.001) in those cricketers with a history of shoulder injury. Cricketers who sustained a seasonal shoulder injury had significantly lower (r2 = 0.112, p < 0.001) post-season KJOC scores, indicating persistent shoulder pain or dysfunction.
Conclusion: This is the first study to report both time- and non-time-loss shoulder injury in elite South African cricketers. All non-time-loss shoulder injuries compromised primary skill, while some resulted in changes to throwing technique and fielding position. Thus shoulder injury, whether it results in time loss or not, potentially impacts match performance.
(Copyright © 2019 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.)

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Incidence and impact of time loss and non-time-loss shoulder injury in elite South African cricketers: A one-season, prospective cohort study.
Dutton, Megan;Tam, Nicholas;Gray, Janine
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Journal of Science & Medicine in Sport Nov2019, Vol. 22 Issue 11, p1200 6p. Please log in to see more details

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Functional polymorphisms within the inflammatory pathway regulate expression of extracellular matrix components in a genetic risk dependent model for anterior cruciate ligament injuries
Suijkerbuijk, Mathijs A.M.;Ponzetti, Marco;Rahim, Masouda;Posthumus, Michae...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. Nov 2019, Vol. 22 Issue 11, 1219 Please log in to see more details

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Coastal seas.
Muir, Magdalena Ariadne Kim
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia of Science, 2019. 5p. Please log in to see more details
Coastal seas are extremely important for biodiversity and ecosystems. Coastal seas can... more
Coastal seas.
Salem Press Encyclopedia of Science, 2019. 5p.
Coastal seas are extremely important for biodiversity and ecosystems. Coastal seas can be defined in terms of the continental shelves, as understood geologically, and by reference to international conventions. In geological terms, the continental shelf is the extended perimeter of the continent and the associated coastal plain. The continental margin, which is located between the continental shelf and the abyssal plain, consists of a steep continental slope, followed by a flatter continental rise. Sediment from the continent descends down the slope, and accumulates at the continental rise located at the base of the slope.

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Territorial waters - Biodiversity - Ecosystems

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Sahelian Acacia savanna.
Mull, John
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia of Science, 2019. 2p. Please log in to see more details
An enormous band of arid and semiarid habitat, composed of three characteristic ecoreg... more
Sahelian Acacia savanna.
Salem Press Encyclopedia of Science, 2019. 2p.
An enormous band of arid and semiarid habitat, composed of three characteristic ecoregions, crosses the width of Africa. The Sahelian Acacia Savanna biome occupies the middle third, spanning the continent from the Atlantic coast of Senegal in the east to the Red Sea coast of Sudan. This biome has pronounced seasonality in precipitation, with the rains falling from May to September, followed by a six- to eight-month period of drought. Precipitation varies from 79 inches (2,000 millimeters) per year in the north of the Sahelian acacia savanna, where it transitions into the Sahara Desert, to about 236 inches (6,000 millimeters) per year in the south, where it borders the wetter Sudanian savanna. In fact, the name of the Sahelian region as a whole derives from an Arabic word for shore or coast, referring to how this sahel is a transition in type from the sandier, less vegetated Sahara Desert.

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Savannas - Sahel - Africa

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Satellite choice.
News News | Daily Mail; 10/8/2019, p42, 1p Please log in to see more details
RUGBY UNION South Africa v Canada, 10.45am/11am, ITV4/Eir Sport 1 THE Springboks lost ... more
Satellite choice.
Daily Mail; 10/8/2019, p42, 1p
RUGBY UNION South Africa v Canada, 10.45am/11am, ITV4/Eir Sport 1 THE Springboks lost their opening game to New Zealand, but it would be one of the biggest shocks in World Cup history if they were defeated by the Canucks. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]

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SPORT.
News News | Daily Mail; 10/5/2019, p50, 1p Please log in to see more details
Rugby Union: South Africa v Canada 10.45am, ITV4 The Springboks and their captain, Siy... more
SPORT.
Daily Mail; 10/5/2019, p50, 1p
Rugby Union: South Africa v Canada 10.45am, ITV4 The Springboks and their captain, Siya Kolisi (right), lost their opening game to New Zealand, but it would be one of the biggest shocks in World Cup history if they were defeated by the Canucks. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]

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The effects of relative cycling intensity on saddle pressure indexes
Holliday, Wendy;Fisher, Julia;Swart, Jeroen
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. Oct 2019, Vol. 22 Issue 10, 1097 Please log in to see more details

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Barrett brothers set to make history against Canada
News News | Times, The (United Kingdom). 10/01/2019, p72-72. 1. Please log in to see more details
Rugby union Beauden, Jordie and Scott Barrett will become the first trio of brothers t... more
Barrett brothers set to make history against Canada
Times, The (United Kingdom). 10/01/2019, p72-72. 1.
Rugby union Beauden, Jordie and Scott Barrett will become the first trio of brothers to appear for New Zealand at a World Cup after they were named in the side to face Canada in pool B in Oita tomorrow. They will also become only the second trio of brothers to start a World Cup match for any nation, after Tongan siblings Elisi, Manu and Fe'ao Vunipola in the 1995 match against Scotland. The three Pisi brothers — Ken, Tusi and George — played for Samoa against South Africa in 2015, but only Ken started that game. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]

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Sport and Nation Building: A Comparison of the United States and South Africa
Gerald Gems
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Фізичне виховання, спорт і культура здоров’я у сучасному суспільстві, Iss 3(47), Pp 3-9 (2019) Please log in to see more details
The relevance of the research. This paper analyses the case of the USA and South Afric... more
Sport and Nation Building: A Comparison of the United States and South Africa
Фізичне виховання, спорт і культура здоров’я у сучасному суспільстві, Iss 3(47), Pp 3-9 (2019)
The relevance of the research. This paper analyses the case of the USA and South Africa and its experiences in the sports sector since the period of apartheid, in an effort to explore the processes necessary to understand the potential sports may hold for peace building. By identifying initiatives of the USA in South Africa at the national, community and individual level of analysis, the paper outlines the possible effects of sports on reconciliation in divided states. Using a comparative historical approach, the connection between race as a cultural and political category rooted in the history of slavery and colonialism, and the development of the nation states was analyzed. It was characterized how each country's differing efforts to establish national unity and other institutional impediments have served, through the nation-building process and into their present systems of state power, to shape and often crystallize categories and divisions of race. The purpose of the research is to experimentally verify the effectiveness of sports as an integral part of the country, influencing culture. Methods of the research. The research methods used in the process of writing the paper involve the use of general scientific and empirical techniques of physical culture and educational sciences based on a systematic approach. In addition, in the process such general research methods as generalization and comparison analyses were used. The results of the research. As a result of the analysis, we have identified the main range of problems arising from globalization processes and a number of measures aimed at raising the level of sports and cultural image of the developed countries in the World society.

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sport, physical education, polity, national game, racial segregation, blacks and whites, soccer, rugby, United States, South Africa - Sports medicine - RC1200-1245

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Albert Grimaldi, Prince of Monaco.
Baskey-East, Sabrina
Reference Reference | Salem Press Biographical Encyclopedia, 2019. 2p. Please log in to see more details
Prince of Monaco. Prince Albert Grimaldi assumed the throne of Monaco in July 2005, co... more
Albert Grimaldi, Prince of Monaco.
Salem Press Biographical Encyclopedia, 2019. 2p.
Prince of Monaco. Prince Albert Grimaldi assumed the throne of Monaco in July 2005, continuing the Grimaldi dynasty that had ruled Monaco for more than seven hundred years. Prince Albert has succeeded in avoiding the public scrutiny that plagued his sisters, Princess Caroline of Hanover and Princess Stéphanie, Countess of Polignac, but until his marriage in 2011 and the birth of his son and daughter in 2014, his single lifestyle and lack of a legitimate heir had put him squarely in the sights of the press. An avid sportsman, Prince Albert has competed in five consecutive Winter Olympic Games. He is also committed to environmental causes and has used his personal fame to draw awareness to issues such as climate change and marine protection.

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Albert II, Prince of Monaco, 1958- - Princes - Monaco -- Politics & government - History

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Eritrea.
Aliprandini, Michael
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p. Please log in to see more details
Eritrea, a small country on the Horn of Africa, is bordered by Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibou... more
Eritrea.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p.
Eritrea, a small country on the Horn of Africa, is bordered by Sudan, Ethiopia, Djibouti, and the Red Sea. Some of the oldest human fossils have been unearthed in Eritrea, and the country's culture is steeped in ancient traditions derived from an array of peoples.

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Eritrea

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Somalia.
Aliprandini, Michael
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p. Please log in to see more details
Occupying the easternmost portion of the Horn of Africa, Somalia is bordered by Djibou... more
Somalia.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p.
Occupying the easternmost portion of the Horn of Africa, Somalia is bordered by Djibouti, Ethiopia, and Kenya, with the Gulf of Aden to the north and the Indian Ocean to the south. Somalia was known to the ancient Egyptians as the "Land of Punt," a place famed for its frankincense and myrrh.

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Somalia

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Burundi.
Badertscher, Eric
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p. Please log in to see more details
The Republic of Burundi, located in east-central Africa near Lake Tanganyika, is one o... more
Burundi.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p.
The Republic of Burundi, located in east-central Africa near Lake Tanganyika, is one of the world’s poorest nations. A Belgian colonial territory from World War I until 1962, Burundi has been divided by ethnic conflict between the Hutu (Bantu) majority and the Tutsi minority since the early 1990s. This sectarian strife has impeded the country’s development.

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Burundi

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Equatorial Guinea.
Badertscher, Eric
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p. Please log in to see more details
The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a small West African nation located on the Gulf o... more
Equatorial Guinea.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p.
The Republic of Equatorial Guinea is a small West African nation located on the Gulf of Guinea near the Bight of Biafra. The country consists of the mainland territory known as Río Muni, as well as five coastal islands; the capital, Malabo, is located on Bioko, the largest island. Mainland neighbors include Gabon to the south and east, and Cameroon to the north. The island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe lies off Equatorial Guinea's southwestern coast.

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Equatorial Guinea

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France.
Badertscher, Eric
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p. Please log in to see more details
France is a Western European country that has played a leading role in world history a... more
France.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p.
France is a Western European country that has played a leading role in world history and culture. The French Revolution of the eighteenth century turned France from a kingdom into a republic. A nuclear power, France is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and a founder of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the European Union.

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France

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Namibia.
Badertscher, Eric
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p. Please log in to see more details
The Republic of Namibia, formerly known as South West Africa, is a southwestern Africa... more
Namibia.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p.
The Republic of Namibia, formerly known as South West Africa, is a southwestern African nation that gained its independence from South Africa in 1990. Namibia's western boundary is the Atlantic Ocean, while its land neighbors are South Africa to the south, Botswana to the east, and Angola and Zambia to the north.

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Namibia

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Portugal.
Badertscher, Eric
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p. Please log in to see more details
Portugal, known officially as the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a Wes... more
Portugal.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p.
Portugal, known officially as the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa), is a Western European nation located on the Atlantic coast of the Iberian Peninsula. Its only land neighbor is Spain, to the north and east; on the west and south, Portugal borders the Atlantic Ocean, where several island territories are located, including the Azores.

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Portugal

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Tunisia.
Badertscher, Eric
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p. Please log in to see more details
The Republic of Tunisia is a North African nation located on the southern coast of the... more
Tunisia.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p.
The Republic of Tunisia is a North African nation located on the southern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Along with its neighbors Algeria (to the west) and Libya (to the south and east), Tunisia is part of the Maghreb, the Arabic name for northwestern Africa.

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Tunisia

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Algeria.
Bailey, Ellen
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p. Please log in to see more details
The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is a North African nation on the Mediterra... more
Algeria.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p.
The People's Democratic Republic of Algeria is a North African nation on the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Morocco, Tunisia, Libya, Niger, Mali, and Mauritania.

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Algeria

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Botswana.
Bailey, Ellen
Reference Reference | Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p. Please log in to see more details
Until 1966, Botswana was the British protectorate of Bechuanaland. The country has a l... more
Botswana.
Salem Press Encyclopedia, 2019. 5p.
Until 1966, Botswana was the British protectorate of Bechuanaland. The country has a long history, dating to the Stone Age. Since independence, Botswana has been a success story, with a stable multiparty democratic government. Elections have been held every five years without interruption since 1966.

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Botswana

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