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Fructo-oligosaccharides and glucose homeostasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis in animal models.
Le Bourgot, Cindy;Apper, Emmanuelle;Blat, Sophie;Respondek, Frédérique
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Nutrition 1/25/2018, Vol. 15, p1-15, 15p, 1 Diagram, 6 Charts Please log in to see more details
The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of fructo-oligosaccharide s... more
Fructo-oligosaccharides and glucose homeostasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis in animal models.
Nutrition 1/25/2018, Vol. 15, p1-15, 15p, 1 Diagram, 6 Charts
The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of fructo-oligosaccharide supplementation on glucose homeostasis. The search process was based on the selection of publications listed in the Pubmed-Medline database until April 2016 to identify studies evaluating the impact of short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides or oligofructose on glucose homeostasis. Twenty-nine trials were included in the systematic review and the meta-analysis was performed on twelve of these papers according to the inclusion criteria. Fasting blood concentrations of glucose and insulin were selected as pertinent criteria of glucose homeostasis for the meta-analysis. The consumption of fructo-oligosaccharides decreased fasting blood glycaemia levels, whatever the metabolic status (healthy, obese or diabetic) and diet (low-fat or high-fat) throughout the experiment. This reduction was linear with prebiotic dose (from 0 to 13% of the feed). Fasting insulinaemia also decreased linearly with fructo-oligosaccharide supplementation but the reduction was only significant in rodents fed a low-fat diet. Potential underlying mechanisms include gut bacterial fermentation of fructo-oligosaccharides to short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) and bacterial modulation of bile acids, both interacting with host metabolism. This systemic review, followed by the meta-analysis, provides evidence that fructo-oligosaccharide supplementation has a significant effect on glucose homeostasis whatever the health status and diet consumed by animals. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Subject terms:

ANIMAL experimentation - BLOOD sugar - DIABETES - DIETARY supplements - FASTING - FIBER in human nutrition - FAT content of food - FRUCTOSE - HEALTH status indicators - HOMEOSTASIS - HYPERINSULINISM - INSULIN - LOW-fat diet - OLIGOSACCHARIDES - MEDLINE - META-analysis - OBESITY - ONLINE information services - RODENTS - SYSTEMATIC reviews (Medical research) - PREBIOTICS - SHORT-chain fatty acids

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Complementary Index

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What Are We Trying to Achieve by Teaching Animal Law to Law Students
James, Nick;James, Rochelle
Periodical Periodical | James, Nick; James, Rochelle / 27 Legal Educ. Rev. 239 (2017) / Legal Education Review, Vol. 27, pp. 239-260 Please log in to see more details

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Definition of key parameters for constructing an online reference micrographs collection of processed animal particles in feed.
Crespo, Camino Belinchón;Veys, Pascal;Vermeulen, Philippe;Baeten, Vincent
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement; 2012, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p452-462, 11p Please log in to see more details
Copyright of Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement is the property of... more
Definition of key parameters for constructing an online reference micrographs collection of processed animal particles in feed.
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement; 2012, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p452-462, 11p
Copyright of Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement is the property of Les Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

Subject terms:

EUROPEAN Union - PROTEINS in animal nutrition - PARAMETER estimation - FEEDS - MICROSCOPY - ACQUISITION of data - ONLINE data processing - APPLICATION software

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Supplemental Index

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Prevention of tick bites: an evaluation of a smartphone app.
Antonise-Kamp, L.;Beaujean, D. J. M. A.;Crutzen, R.;van Steenbergen, J. E.;...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | BMC Infectious Diseases; 12/4/2017, Vol. 17, p1-15, 15p, 2 Diagrams, 8 Charts, 2 Graphs, 1 Map Please log in to see more details
Background: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most common reported tick-borne ... more
Prevention of tick bites: an evaluation of a smartphone app.
BMC Infectious Diseases; 12/4/2017, Vol. 17, p1-15, 15p, 2 Diagrams, 8 Charts, 2 Graphs, 1 Map
Background: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most common reported tick-borne infection in Europe, and involves transmission of Borrelia by ticks. As long as a vaccine is not available and effective measures for controlling tick populations are insufficient, LB control is focused on preventive measures to avoid tick bites. To inform citizens about the risk of ticks, motivate them to check for tick bites, and encourage them to remove any attached tick as quickly as possible, a mobile app called 'Tekenbeet' (Dutch for 'tick bite') was developed and released. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usage and user satisfaction of the 'Tekenbeet' app and to investigate whether it affects users' knowledge, perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, self-efficacy, response efficacy, current behavior and intention to comply with preventive measures.Methods: Usage of the app was evaluated with data obtained from Google Analytics. A survey among the Dutch general adult population with two data collection periods evaluated the usage, user satisfaction and its influence on abovementioned outcomes.Results: Data obtained from Google Analytics showed the app was downloaded almost 40,000 in the 20 months following the launch. The 'tick radar' and 'tick diary' screens were viewed most often. In addition, a total of 554 respondents completed an online survey. The mean user satisfaction score was 7.44 (on a scale of 1-10) and 90.9% of respondents would recommend the app to others. On average, survey respondents who downloaded the app (n = 243) recorded significantly more often higher knowledge scores (OR 3.37; 95% CI 2.02-5.09) and had a higher intention to comply with preventive measures (OR 2.47; 95% CI 1.22-5.85) compared to respondents who did not download the app (n = 311).Conclusions: The 'Tekenbeet' app is a frequently used and well-appreciated educational tool to increase public knowledge of ticks and tick bites. It also helps to improve the user's intention to apply preventive measures. The use of smartphones and apps is now commonplace in the Netherlands; the 'Tekenbeet' app feeds into this trend and thereby offers a modern day alternative to established formats such as an information leaflet and information provision on the Internet. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Subject terms:

NETHERLANDS - LYME disease -- Patients - LYME disease treatment - TICK-borne diseases - TICK infestations - BORRELIA diseases - LYME disease prevention - ANIMAL experimentation - BITES & stings - COMPARATIVE studies - CUSTOMER satisfaction - LYME disease - RESEARCH methodology - MEDICAL cooperation - RESEARCH - PILOT projects - EVALUATION research - MOBILE apps

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Complementary Index

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Energy content of hybrid Rumex patienta L. x Rumex tianschanicus A. Los. (Rumex OK 2) samples from autumn months
Rolinec, Michal;Rakhmetov, Dzhamal;Bíro, Daniel;Juráček, Miroslav;Šimko, Mi...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica; Vol 21, No 1 (2018); 20-23 ; 1336-9245 Please log in to see more details

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Fatty acid composition of maize silages from different hybrids
Juráček, Miroslav;Bíro, Daniel;Šimko, Milan;Gálik, Branislav;Rolinec, Micha...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica; Vol 20, No 4 (2017); 95-98 ; 1336-9245 Please log in to see more details

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Early Detection of Infection in Pigs through an Online Monitoring System.
Martínez ‐ Avilés, M.;Fernández ‐ Carrión, E.;López García ‐ Baones, J. M.;...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Transboundary Apr2017, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p364-373, 10p Please log in to see more details
Late detection of emergency diseases causes significant economic losses for pig produc... more
Early Detection of Infection in Pigs through an Online Monitoring System.
Transboundary Apr2017, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p364-373, 10p
Late detection of emergency diseases causes significant economic losses for pig producers and governments. As the first signs of animal infection are usually fever and reduced motion that lead to reduced consumption of water and feed, we developed a novel smart system to monitor body temperature and motion in real time, facilitating the early detection of infectious diseases. In this study, carried out within the framework of the European Union research project Rapidia Field, we tested the smart system on 10 pigs experimentally infected with two doses of an attenuated strain of African swine fever. Biosensors and an accelerometer embedded in an eartag captured data before and after infection, and video cameras were used to monitor the animals 24 h per day. The results showed that in 8 of 9 cases, the monitoring system detected infection onset as an increase in body temperature and decrease in movement before or simultaneously with fever detection based on rectal temperature measurement, observation of clinical signs, the decrease in water consumption or positive qPCR detection of virus. In addition, this decrease in movement was reliably detected using automatic analysis of video images therefore providing an inexpensive alternative to direct motion measurement. The system can be set up to alert staff when high fever, reduced motion or both are detected in one or more animals. This system may be useful for monitoring sentinel herds in real time, considerably reducing the financial and logistical costs of periodic sampling and increasing the chances of early detection of infection. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Subject terms:

SWINE disease diagnosis - ONLINE monitoring systems - ACCELEROMETERS - POLYMERASE chain reaction - TEMPERATURE measurements

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Complementary Index

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Review: A review of the traditional and modern uses of Salvadora persica L. (Miswak): Toothbrush tree of Prophet Muhammad
Aumeeruddy, Muhammad Zakariyyah;Zengin, Gokhan;Mahomoodally, Mohamad Fawzi
Academic Journal Academic Journal | In Journal of Ethnopharmacology 1 March 2018 213:409-444 Please log in to see more details
Ethnopharmacological relevance Salvadora persica L., also known as Arak (in Arabic) an... more
Review: A review of the traditional and modern uses of Salvadora persica L. (Miswak): Toothbrush tree of Prophet Muhammad
In Journal of Ethnopharmacology 1 March 2018 213:409-444
Ethnopharmacological relevance Salvadora persica L., also known as Arak (in Arabic) and Peelu (in Urdu), is the most common traditional source of tooth or chewing stick (miswak) highly recommended by Prophet Muhammad. To date, extensive studies have probed primarily into the validation of its traditional uses in oral care. Nonetheless, there is still a dearth of updated compilation and critical analysis of other potential ethnopharmacological properties of S. persica. This review therefore aims to provide an up-to-date detailed structured description of the traditional uses of S. persica and a critical analysis of its modern uses, highlighting its phytochemistry, pharmacological properties, and bioapplications.

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ScienceDirect

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The Cetacean Right to Life Revisited
Mence, David
Periodical Periodical | Mence, David / 11 Int'l J. L. Context 17 (2015) / International Journal of Law in Context, Vol. 11, Issue 1 (March 2015), pp. 17-39 Please log in to see more details

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Advantages and Disadvantages on Contract Farming in Lao PDR
Bounmasith, Ngoud;GuangLu, Li
Periodical Periodical | Bounmasith, Ngoud; GuangLu, Li / 72 J.L. Pol'y & Globalization 18 (2018) / Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization, Vol. 72, pp. 18-21 Please log in to see more details

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Trading with the Enemy: Opening the Door to U.S. Investment in Cuba
Fandl, Kevin J.
Periodical Periodical | Fandl, Kevin J. / 49 Geo. J. Int'l L. 563 (2017-2018) / Georgetown Journal of International Law, Vol. 49, Issue 2 (2018), pp. 563-608 Please log in to see more details

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New Publications
Periodical Periodical | 2017 Eur. Food & Feed L. Rev. 539 (2017) / European Food and Feed Law Review (EFFL), Vol. 2017, Issue 6 (2017), pp. 539-562 Please log in to see more details

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The Long Environmental Justice Movement
Purdy, Jedediah
Periodical Periodical | Purdy, Jedediah / 44 Ecology L.Q. 809 (2017-2018) / Ecology Law Quarterly, Vol. 44, Issue 4 (2018), pp. 809-864 Please log in to see more details

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A Lot to Digest: Advancing Food Waste Policy in the United States
Evans, Alexandra I.;Nagele, Robin M.
Periodical Periodical | Evans, Alexandra I.; Nagele, Robin M. / 58 Nat. Resources J. 177 (2018) / Natural Resources Journal, Vol. 58, Issue 1 (Winter 2018), pp. 177-214 Please log in to see more details

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Determinants of Comparative Advantage in GMO Intensive Industries
Smith, Pamela J.;Jamiyansuren, Bolormaa;Kitsuki, Akinori;Yang, Jooyoung;Lee...
Periodical Periodical | Smith, Pamela J.; Jamiyansuren, Bolormaa; Kitsuki, Akinori; Yang, Jooyoung; Lee, Jaeseok / 17 World Trade Rev. 427 (2018) / World Trade Review, Vol. 17, Issue 3 (July 2018), pp. 427-450 Please log in to see more details

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Securities Fraud
La France, Madelyn;Boblick, Jeffrey;Dimitriadis, Julia;Fox, Christina;Lanut...
Periodical Periodical | La France, Madelyn; Boblick, Jeffrey; Dimitriadis, Julia; Fox, Christina; Lanuti, Joseph; Villalba, Daniel; Wisser, Leah / 55 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 1677 (2018) / American Criminal Law Review, Vol. 55, Issue 4 (Fall 2018), pp. 1677-1772 Please log in to see more details

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Clean Food: The Next Clean Energy Revolution
Lovvoron, Jonathan
Periodical Periodical | Lovvoron, Jonathan / 36 Yale L. & Pol'y Rev. 283 (2017-2018) / Yale Law & Policy Review, Vol. 36, Issue 2 (Spring 2018), pp. 283-314 Please log in to see more details

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The Risks and Rewards of Renegotiating the North American Trade Relationship
Gantz, David A.
Periodical Periodical | Gantz, David A. / 33 Md. J. Int'l L. 127 (2018) / Maryland Journal of International Law, Vol. 33, Issue 1 (2018), pp. 127-161 Please log in to see more details

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The effect of essential oils on quality and mineral composition of eggshell
Herkeľ, Róbert;Gálik, Branislav;Bíro, Daniel;Rolinec, Michal;Šimko, Milan;J...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica; Vol 20, No 2 (2017) ; 1336-9245 Please log in to see more details

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Feed efficiency: mitochondrial function to global gene expression
Bottje, W.;Kong, B.-W.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Journal of Animal Science. April 2013, Vol. 91 Issue 4, p1582, 12 p. Please log in to see more details
Understanding the cellular basis of feed efficiency (FE) is instrumental to helping po... more
Feed efficiency: mitochondrial function to global gene expression
Journal of Animal Science. April 2013, Vol. 91 Issue 4, p1582, 12 p.
Understanding the cellular basis of feed efficiency (FE) is instrumental to helping poultry and livestock industries continue to provide high-quality protein for an increasingly crowded world. To understand relationships of FE and gene expression, global RNA transcription was investigated in breast muscle obtained from a male broiler line fed the same diet and individually phenotyped for FE. In these studies, RNA samples obtained from broilers that exhibited either high FE (0.65 [+ or -] 0.01) or low FE (0.46 [+ or -] 0.01) were analyzed with an Agilent 44K chicken oligoarray. A 1.3-fold cutoff in expression (30% difference between groups) resulted in 782 genes that were differentially expressed (P < 0.05) in muscle between the high- and low-FE phenotypes. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis, an online software program, was used to identify genes, gene networks, and pathways associated with the phenotypic expression of FE. The results indicate that the high-FE phenotype exhibited increased expression of genes associated with 1) signal transduction pathways, 2) anabolic activities, and 3) energy-sensing and energy coordination activities, all of which would likely be favorable to cell growth and development. In contrast, the low-FE broiler phenotype exhibited upregulation of genes 1) associated with actin-myosin filaments, cytoskeletal architecture, and muscle fibers and 2) stress-related or stress-responsive genes. Because the low-FE broiler phenotype exhibits greater oxidative stress, it would appear that the low-FE phenotype is the product of inherent gene expression that is modulated by oxidative stress. The results of these studies begin to provide a comprehensive picture of gene expression in muscle, a major organ of energy demand in an animal, associated with phenotypic expression of FE. Keywords: feed efficiency, global gene expression, mitochondria, muscle

Subject terms:

Gene expression -- Research - Mitochondria -- Research - Mitochondria -- Genetic aspects - Poultry -- Food and nutrition - Poultry -- Research

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General OneFile

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Climate Change and Antarctic Fisheries: Ecosystem Management in CCAMLR
Rayfuse, Rosemary
Periodical Periodical | Rayfuse, Rosemary / 45 Ecology L.Q. 53 (2018) / Ecology Law Quarterly, Vol. 45, Issue 1 (2018), pp. 53-82 Please log in to see more details

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Dictum on Dicta: Obiter Dicta in WTO Disputes
Gao, Henry
Periodical Periodical | Gao, Henry / 17 World Trade Rev. 509 (2018) / World Trade Review, Vol. 17, Issue 3 (July 2018), pp. 509-534 Please log in to see more details

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Safety of Strontium Chloride as a Skeletal Marking Agent for Pacific Salmon.
Getchell, Rodman G.;Bowser, Paul R.;Cornwell, Emily R.;Pavek, Todd;Baneux, ...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Journal of Aquatic Animal Health; Dec2017, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p1-8, 8p Please log in to see more details
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biological effects associated with admin... more
Safety of Strontium Chloride as a Skeletal Marking Agent for Pacific Salmon.
Journal of Aquatic Animal Health; Dec2017, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p1-8, 8p
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biological effects associated with administering strontium chloride as a marking agent to age‐0 Chinook Salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha fry. Fish were held in a 0× (0 mg/L), 1× (3,000 mg/L; current standard dosage), 3× (9,000 mg/L), or 5× (15,000 mg/L) solution of strontium chloride for 72 h (three times the standard duration of 24 h). The mortality among fish in the 5× strontium chloride exposure group was significantly higher than that observed in the other groups. A dose‐related effect on general fish behavior and on feeding behavior was observed. Fish in all test tanks appeared to feed to satiation, except for fish in the 5× tanks during days 2 and 3. Fish in all other test tanks behaved normally. No dose‐related effect on fish growth was detected. Histopathological evaluations showed that fish in the 5× exposure group had a significantly higher number of gill lesions than the 0× group. Our mortality, behavioral, and histological assessments suggested that juvenile Chinook Salmon could be safely immersed for three consecutive days in a 9,000‐mg/L solution of strontium chloride. This finding potentially expands the present 1,000–3,000‐mg/L dosage and 24‐h holding period that can be used to mark juvenile fish with strontium chloride solutions. The research also provides necessary target animal safety data for U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval of strontium chloride as an alternative marking method that is suitable for fish with a short holding time. Received February 19, 2017; accepted July 16, 2017 Published online September 22, 2017 [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Complementary Index

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EU Regulatory Policy and World Trade Should all EU Institutions Care What the World Thinks
Perisin, Tamara
Periodical Periodical | Perisin, Tamara / 11 EuConst 99 (2015) / European Constitutional Law Review, Vol. 11, Issue 1 (May 2015), pp. 99-120 Please log in to see more details
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