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Fructo-oligosaccharides and glucose homeostasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis in animal models.
Le Bourgot, Cindy;Apper, Emmanuelle;Blat, Sophie;Respondek, Frédérique
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Nutrition 1/25/2018, Vol. 15, p1-15, 15p, 1 Diagram, 6 Charts Please log in to see more details
The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of fructo-oligosaccharide s... more
Fructo-oligosaccharides and glucose homeostasis: a systematic review and meta-analysis in animal models.
Nutrition 1/25/2018, Vol. 15, p1-15, 15p, 1 Diagram, 6 Charts
The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effect of fructo-oligosaccharide supplementation on glucose homeostasis. The search process was based on the selection of publications listed in the Pubmed-Medline database until April 2016 to identify studies evaluating the impact of short-chain fructo-oligosaccharides or oligofructose on glucose homeostasis. Twenty-nine trials were included in the systematic review and the meta-analysis was performed on twelve of these papers according to the inclusion criteria. Fasting blood concentrations of glucose and insulin were selected as pertinent criteria of glucose homeostasis for the meta-analysis. The consumption of fructo-oligosaccharides decreased fasting blood glycaemia levels, whatever the metabolic status (healthy, obese or diabetic) and diet (low-fat or high-fat) throughout the experiment. This reduction was linear with prebiotic dose (from 0 to 13% of the feed). Fasting insulinaemia also decreased linearly with fructo-oligosaccharide supplementation but the reduction was only significant in rodents fed a low-fat diet. Potential underlying mechanisms include gut bacterial fermentation of fructo-oligosaccharides to short-chain fatty acids (SCFA) and bacterial modulation of bile acids, both interacting with host metabolism. This systemic review, followed by the meta-analysis, provides evidence that fructo-oligosaccharide supplementation has a significant effect on glucose homeostasis whatever the health status and diet consumed by animals. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Subject terms:

ANIMAL experimentation - BLOOD sugar - DIABETES - DIETARY supplements - FASTING - FIBER in human nutrition - FAT content of food - FRUCTOSE - HEALTH status indicators - HOMEOSTASIS - HYPERINSULINISM - INSULIN - LOW-fat diet - OLIGOSACCHARIDES - MEDLINE - META-analysis - OBESITY - ONLINE information services - RODENTS - SYSTEMATIC reviews (Medical research) - PREBIOTICS - SHORT-chain fatty acids

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Complementary Index

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What Are We Trying to Achieve by Teaching Animal Law to Law Students
James, Nick;James, Rochelle
Periodical Periodical | James, Nick; James, Rochelle / 27 Legal Educ. Rev. 239 (2017) / Legal Education Review, Vol. 27, pp. 239-260 Please log in to see more details

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Definition of key parameters for constructing an online reference micrographs collection of processed animal particles in feed.
Crespo, Camino Belinchón;Veys, Pascal;Vermeulen, Philippe;Baeten, Vincent
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement; 2012, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p452-462, 11p Please log in to see more details
Copyright of Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement is the property of... more
Definition of key parameters for constructing an online reference micrographs collection of processed animal particles in feed.
Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement; 2012, Vol. 16 Issue 4, p452-462, 11p
Copyright of Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Societe et Environnement is the property of Les Presses Agronomiques de Gembloux and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

Subject terms:

EUROPEAN Union - PROTEINS in animal nutrition - PARAMETER estimation - FEEDS - MICROSCOPY - ACQUISITION of data - ONLINE data processing - APPLICATION software

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Supplemental Index

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Prevention of tick bites: an evaluation of a smartphone app.
Antonise-Kamp, L.;Beaujean, D. J. M. A.;Crutzen, R.;van Steenbergen, J. E.;...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | BMC Infectious Diseases; 12/4/2017, Vol. 17, p1-15, 15p, 2 Diagrams, 8 Charts, 2 Graphs, 1 Map Please log in to see more details
Background: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most common reported tick-borne ... more
Prevention of tick bites: an evaluation of a smartphone app.
BMC Infectious Diseases; 12/4/2017, Vol. 17, p1-15, 15p, 2 Diagrams, 8 Charts, 2 Graphs, 1 Map
Background: Lyme borreliosis (LB) is the most common reported tick-borne infection in Europe, and involves transmission of Borrelia by ticks. As long as a vaccine is not available and effective measures for controlling tick populations are insufficient, LB control is focused on preventive measures to avoid tick bites. To inform citizens about the risk of ticks, motivate them to check for tick bites, and encourage them to remove any attached tick as quickly as possible, a mobile app called 'Tekenbeet' (Dutch for 'tick bite') was developed and released. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usage and user satisfaction of the 'Tekenbeet' app and to investigate whether it affects users' knowledge, perceived severity, perceived susceptibility, self-efficacy, response efficacy, current behavior and intention to comply with preventive measures.Methods: Usage of the app was evaluated with data obtained from Google Analytics. A survey among the Dutch general adult population with two data collection periods evaluated the usage, user satisfaction and its influence on abovementioned outcomes.Results: Data obtained from Google Analytics showed the app was downloaded almost 40,000 in the 20 months following the launch. The 'tick radar' and 'tick diary' screens were viewed most often. In addition, a total of 554 respondents completed an online survey. The mean user satisfaction score was 7.44 (on a scale of 1-10) and 90.9% of respondents would recommend the app to others. On average, survey respondents who downloaded the app (n = 243) recorded significantly more often higher knowledge scores (OR 3.37; 95% CI 2.02-5.09) and had a higher intention to comply with preventive measures (OR 2.47; 95% CI 1.22-5.85) compared to respondents who did not download the app (n = 311).Conclusions: The 'Tekenbeet' app is a frequently used and well-appreciated educational tool to increase public knowledge of ticks and tick bites. It also helps to improve the user's intention to apply preventive measures. The use of smartphones and apps is now commonplace in the Netherlands; the 'Tekenbeet' app feeds into this trend and thereby offers a modern day alternative to established formats such as an information leaflet and information provision on the Internet. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Subject terms:

NETHERLANDS - LYME disease -- Patients - LYME disease treatment - TICK-borne diseases - TICK infestations - BORRELIA diseases - LYME disease prevention - ANIMAL experimentation - BITES & stings - COMPARATIVE studies - CUSTOMER satisfaction - LYME disease - RESEARCH methodology - MEDICAL cooperation - RESEARCH - PILOT projects - EVALUATION research - MOBILE apps

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Complementary Index

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Time budget differences of high- and low-social rank grazing dairy cows
Ungerfeld, Rodolfo
Periodical Periodical | New Zealand journal of agricultural research, Jun 2014; v.57 n.2:p.122-127 0028-8233New Zealand journal of agricultural research (Online), Jun 2014; v.57 n.2:p.122-127 1175-8775 Please log in to see more details
General Note: Includes table, figures, references
General Note: Archived by the N... more
Time budget differences of high- and low-social rank grazing dairy cows
New Zealand journal of agricultural research, Jun 2014; v.57 n.2:p.122-127 0028-8233New Zealand journal of agricultural research (Online), Jun 2014; v.57 n.2:p.122-127 1175-8775
General Note: Includes table, figures, references
General Note: Archived by the National Library of New Zealand. Hypertext links from the archived copy are non-functional.
General Note: Subscriber access may apply to online articles
Restrictions on Access Note: Access restrictions apply. Archived copy only available onsite
Summary, etc.: Compares the time budgets of 12 high- and 12 low-rank Holstein cows that were separated from their herd for grazing between milkings. Records the grazing, ruminating, standing, lying or walking behaviours of individual cows within each group throughout the day. Makes observations on whether differently ranked grazing dairy cows differ in behaviour even when grazing separately.
Target Audience Note: Research

Subject terms:

Grazing -- Social aspects - Dairy cattle -- Feeding and feeds - Social hierarchy in animals - Dairy cattle -- Behavior - Social behavior in animals

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Index New Zealand

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Effect of nutrition from mid-pregnancy to parturition on the live weight of twin-bearing hoggets and the live weight and survival of their lambs
Mulvaney, F. J.
Periodical Periodical | New Zealand journal of agricultural research, Dec 2012; v.55 n.4:p.385-392 0028-8233New Zealand journal of agricultural research (Online), Dec 2012; v.55 n.4:p.385-392 1175-877 Please log in to see more details
General Note: Includes figures, tables, references
General Note: Archived by the ... more
Effect of nutrition from mid-pregnancy to parturition on the live weight of twin-bearing hoggets and the live weight and survival of their lambs
New Zealand journal of agricultural research, Dec 2012; v.55 n.4:p.385-392 0028-8233New Zealand journal of agricultural research (Online), Dec 2012; v.55 n.4:p.385-392 1175-877
General Note: Includes figures, tables, references
General Note: Archived by the National Library of New Zealand. Hypertext links from the archived copy are non-functional.
Restrictions on Access Note: Subscriber access may apply
Restrictions on Access Note: Access restrictions apply. Archived copy only available onsite
Summary, etc.: Investigates the effect of two nutritional levels from day 85 of pregnancy until parturition on the live weight and metabolic status of twin-bearing hoggets, and the gamma-glutamyl transferase and glucose concentration on the day of lambing (L1), survival and live weight of their offspring until L29.
Target Audience Note: Research

Subject terms:

Sheep -- Parturition - Sheep -- Nutrition -- Requirements - Lambs -- Weight - Sheep -- Feeding and feeds -- Research - Pregnancy in animals - Multiple pregnancy - Observations

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Index New Zealand

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Nutritional restriction of triplet-bearing ewes and body condition score has minimal impacts
Kenyon, P. R.
Periodical Periodical | New Zealand journal of agricultural research, Dec 2012; v.55 n.4:p.359-370 0028-8233New Zealand journal of agricultural research (Online), Dec 2012; v.55 n.4:p.359-370 1175-877 Please log in to see more details
General Note: Includes illustrations, references
General Note: Archived by the Na... more
Nutritional restriction of triplet-bearing ewes and body condition score has minimal impacts
New Zealand journal of agricultural research, Dec 2012; v.55 n.4:p.359-370 0028-8233New Zealand journal of agricultural research (Online), Dec 2012; v.55 n.4:p.359-370 1175-877
General Note: Includes illustrations, references
General Note: Archived by the National Library of New Zealand. Hypertext links from the archived copy are non-functional.
Restrictions on Access Note: Subscriber access may apply
Restrictions on Access Note: Access restrictions apply. Archived copy only available onsite
Summary, etc.: Reports on a study of how nutritional restriction impacts triplet-bearing ewes.
Target Audience Note: Research

Subject terms:

Sheep -- Parturition - Sheep -- Nutrition -- Requirements - Lambs -- Growth - Sheep -- Feeding and feeds -- Research - Pregnancy in animals - Multiple pregnancy - Observations

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Index New Zealand

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Energy content of hybrid Rumex patienta L. x Rumex tianschanicus A. Los. (Rumex OK 2) samples from autumn months
Rolinec, Michal;Rakhmetov, Dzhamal;Bíro, Daniel;Juráček, Miroslav;Šimko, Mi...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica; Vol 21, No 1 (2018); 20-23 ; 1336-9245 Please log in to see more details

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Does early pregnancy nutrition affect the performance of triplet-bearing ewes and progeny to weaning?
Kenyon, P. R.
Periodical Periodical | New Zealand journal of agricultural research, Jun 2011; v.54 n.2:p.115-123 0028-8233New Zealand journal of agricultural research (Online), Jun 2011; v.54 n.2:p. 1175-8775 Please log in to see more details
General Note: Includes references
General Note: Archived by the National Library ... more
Does early pregnancy nutrition affect the performance of triplet-bearing ewes and progeny to weaning?
New Zealand journal of agricultural research, Jun 2011; v.54 n.2:p.115-123 0028-8233New Zealand journal of agricultural research (Online), Jun 2011; v.54 n.2:p. 1175-8775
General Note: Includes references
General Note: Archived by the National Library of New Zealand. Hypertext links from the archived copy are non-functional.
Summary, etc.: Reports the outcome of triplet-bearing ewes who were offered three pastoral-based nutritional regimens from day 21 to day 50 of pregnancy.
Target Audience Note: Research

Subject terms:

Sheep -- Feeding and feeds -- Research - Sheep -- Nutrition -- Requirements - Sheep -- Parturition - Multiple pregnancy - Lambs -- Growth - Pregnancy in animals

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Index New Zealand

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Methane emissions from sheep fed fresh pasture
Muetzel, S.;Clark, H.
Periodical Periodical | New Zealand journal of agricultural research, Dec 2015; v.58 n.4:p.472-489 0028-8233New Zealand journal of agricultural research (Online), Dec 2015; v.58 n.4:p.472-489 1175-8775 Please log in to see more details
General Note: Includes illustration, references, tables
General Note: Includes li... more
Methane emissions from sheep fed fresh pasture
New Zealand journal of agricultural research, Dec 2015; v.58 n.4:p.472-489 0028-8233New Zealand journal of agricultural research (Online), Dec 2015; v.58 n.4:p.472-489 1175-8775
General Note: Includes illustration, references, tables
General Note: Includes link to related electronic resource
General Note: Archived by the National Library of New Zealand. Hypertext links from the archived copy may be non-functional.
Restrictions on Access Note: Subscriber access may apply to online articles
Restrictions on Access Note: Access restrictions apply. Archived copy only available onsite
Summary, etc.: Analyses methane emissions measured in respiration chambers from adult sheep and lambs fed fresh-cut pasture of different quality, with the aim of developing an updated methane prediction algorithm(s) suitable for use in the national inventory that accounts for the influence of factors such as dry matter intake (DMI), pasture quality, level of feeding and animal age.
Target Audience Note: Research

Subject terms:

Methane -- Metabolism - Methane -- Measurement - Sheep -- Feed utilization efficiency -- Research - Lambs -- Feed utilization efficiency - Greenhouse gas mitigation - Observations

Content provider:

Index New Zealand

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Fatty acid composition of maize silages from different hybrids
Juráček, Miroslav;Bíro, Daniel;Šimko, Milan;Gálik, Branislav;Rolinec, Micha...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica; Vol 20, No 4 (2017); 95-98 ; 1336-9245 Please log in to see more details

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Early Detection of Infection in Pigs through an Online Monitoring System.
Martínez ‐ Avilés, M.;Fernández ‐ Carrión, E.;López García ‐ Baones, J. M.;...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Transboundary Apr2017, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p364-373, 10p Please log in to see more details
Late detection of emergency diseases causes significant economic losses for pig produc... more
Early Detection of Infection in Pigs through an Online Monitoring System.
Transboundary Apr2017, Vol. 64 Issue 2, p364-373, 10p
Late detection of emergency diseases causes significant economic losses for pig producers and governments. As the first signs of animal infection are usually fever and reduced motion that lead to reduced consumption of water and feed, we developed a novel smart system to monitor body temperature and motion in real time, facilitating the early detection of infectious diseases. In this study, carried out within the framework of the European Union research project Rapidia Field, we tested the smart system on 10 pigs experimentally infected with two doses of an attenuated strain of African swine fever. Biosensors and an accelerometer embedded in an eartag captured data before and after infection, and video cameras were used to monitor the animals 24 h per day. The results showed that in 8 of 9 cases, the monitoring system detected infection onset as an increase in body temperature and decrease in movement before or simultaneously with fever detection based on rectal temperature measurement, observation of clinical signs, the decrease in water consumption or positive qPCR detection of virus. In addition, this decrease in movement was reliably detected using automatic analysis of video images therefore providing an inexpensive alternative to direct motion measurement. The system can be set up to alert staff when high fever, reduced motion or both are detected in one or more animals. This system may be useful for monitoring sentinel herds in real time, considerably reducing the financial and logistical costs of periodic sampling and increasing the chances of early detection of infection. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Subject terms:

SWINE disease diagnosis - ONLINE monitoring systems - ACCELEROMETERS - POLYMERASE chain reaction - TEMPERATURE measurements

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Complementary Index

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Review: A review of the traditional and modern uses of Salvadora persica L. (Miswak): Toothbrush tree of Prophet Muhammad
Aumeeruddy, Muhammad Zakariyyah;Zengin, Gokhan;Mahomoodally, Mohamad Fawzi
Academic Journal Academic Journal | In Journal of Ethnopharmacology 1 March 2018 213:409-444 Please log in to see more details
Ethnopharmacological relevance Salvadora persica L., also known as Arak (in Arabic) an... more
Review: A review of the traditional and modern uses of Salvadora persica L. (Miswak): Toothbrush tree of Prophet Muhammad
In Journal of Ethnopharmacology 1 March 2018 213:409-444
Ethnopharmacological relevance Salvadora persica L., also known as Arak (in Arabic) and Peelu (in Urdu), is the most common traditional source of tooth or chewing stick (miswak) highly recommended by Prophet Muhammad. To date, extensive studies have probed primarily into the validation of its traditional uses in oral care. Nonetheless, there is still a dearth of updated compilation and critical analysis of other potential ethnopharmacological properties of S. persica. This review therefore aims to provide an up-to-date detailed structured description of the traditional uses of S. persica and a critical analysis of its modern uses, highlighting its phytochemistry, pharmacological properties, and bioapplications.

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ScienceDirect

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Causes and consequences of ground disturbance by feral pigs (Sus scrofa) in a lowland New Zealand conifer-angiosperm forest
Parkes, John P.
Periodical Periodical | New Zealand journal of ecology (Online), 2015; v.39 n.1:p.34-42 1177-7788New Zealand journal of ecology, 2015; v.39 n.1:p.34-42 0110-6465 Please log in to see more details
General Note: Includes illustrations, references, tables
General Note: Archived b... more
Causes and consequences of ground disturbance by feral pigs (Sus scrofa) in a lowland New Zealand conifer-angiosperm forest
New Zealand journal of ecology (Online), 2015; v.39 n.1:p.34-42 1177-7788New Zealand journal of ecology, 2015; v.39 n.1:p.34-42 0110-6465
General Note: Includes illustrations, references, tables
General Note: Archived by the National Library of New Zealand. Hypertext links from the archived copy are non-functional.
Restrictions on Access Note: Access restrictions may apply to issues less than 3 years old
Summary, etc.: Measures the effect of ground disturbance by feral pigs on seedling recruitment and soil ecology over 25 months on a forested riparian terrace at Waitutu, south Fiordland. Assesses the diet of pigs from the area from stomach contents of animals shot by hunters.
Target Audience Note: Research

Subject terms:

Feral swine -- Ecology - Ecological disturbances - Swine -- Feeding and feeds - Soil ecology - Forest soils -- Research - Observations

Content provider:

Index New Zealand

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The Cetacean Right to Life Revisited
Mence, David
Periodical Periodical | Mence, David / 11 Int'l J. L. Context 17 (2015) / International Journal of Law in Context, Vol. 11, Issue 1 (March 2015), pp. 17-39 Please log in to see more details

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Advantages and Disadvantages on Contract Farming in Lao PDR
Bounmasith, Ngoud;GuangLu, Li
Periodical Periodical | Bounmasith, Ngoud; GuangLu, Li / 72 J.L. Pol'y & Globalization 18 (2018) / Journal of Law, Policy and Globalization, Vol. 72, pp. 18-21 Please log in to see more details

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Trading with the Enemy: Opening the Door to U.S. Investment in Cuba
Fandl, Kevin J.
Periodical Periodical | Fandl, Kevin J. / 49 Geo. J. Int'l L. 563 (2017-2018) / Georgetown Journal of International Law, Vol. 49, Issue 2 (2018), pp. 563-608 Please log in to see more details

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New Publications
Periodical Periodical | 2017 Eur. Food & Feed L. Rev. 539 (2017) / European Food and Feed Law Review (EFFL), Vol. 2017, Issue 6 (2017), pp. 539-562 Please log in to see more details

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The Long Environmental Justice Movement
Purdy, Jedediah
Periodical Periodical | Purdy, Jedediah / 44 Ecology L.Q. 809 (2017-2018) / Ecology Law Quarterly, Vol. 44, Issue 4 (2018), pp. 809-864 Please log in to see more details

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A Lot to Digest: Advancing Food Waste Policy in the United States
Evans, Alexandra I.;Nagele, Robin M.
Periodical Periodical | Evans, Alexandra I.; Nagele, Robin M. / 58 Nat. Resources J. 177 (2018) / Natural Resources Journal, Vol. 58, Issue 1 (Winter 2018), pp. 177-214 Please log in to see more details

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Determinants of Comparative Advantage in GMO Intensive Industries
Smith, Pamela J.;Jamiyansuren, Bolormaa;Kitsuki, Akinori;Yang, Jooyoung;Lee...
Periodical Periodical | Smith, Pamela J.; Jamiyansuren, Bolormaa; Kitsuki, Akinori; Yang, Jooyoung; Lee, Jaeseok / 17 World Trade Rev. 427 (2018) / World Trade Review, Vol. 17, Issue 3 (July 2018), pp. 427-450 Please log in to see more details

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Securities Fraud
La France, Madelyn;Boblick, Jeffrey;Dimitriadis, Julia;Fox, Christina;Lanut...
Periodical Periodical | La France, Madelyn; Boblick, Jeffrey; Dimitriadis, Julia; Fox, Christina; Lanuti, Joseph; Villalba, Daniel; Wisser, Leah / 55 Am. Crim. L. Rev. 1677 (2018) / American Criminal Law Review, Vol. 55, Issue 4 (Fall 2018), pp. 1677-1772 Please log in to see more details

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The effect of essential oils on quality and mineral composition of eggshell
Herkeľ, Róbert;Gálik, Branislav;Bíro, Daniel;Rolinec, Michal;Šimko, Milan;J...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Acta Fytotechnica et Zootechnica; Vol 20, No 2 (2017) ; 1336-9245 Please log in to see more details

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Feed efficiency: mitochondrial function to global gene expression
Bottje, W.;Kong, B.-W.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Journal of Animal Science. April 2013, Vol. 91 Issue 4, p1582, 12 p. Please log in to see more details
Understanding the cellular basis of feed efficiency (FE) is instrumental to helping po... more
Feed efficiency: mitochondrial function to global gene expression
Journal of Animal Science. April 2013, Vol. 91 Issue 4, p1582, 12 p.
Understanding the cellular basis of feed efficiency (FE) is instrumental to helping poultry and livestock industries continue to provide high-quality protein for an increasingly crowded world. To understand relationships of FE and gene expression, global RNA transcription was investigated in breast muscle obtained from a male broiler line fed the same diet and individually phenotyped for FE. In these studies, RNA samples obtained from broilers that exhibited either high FE (0.65 [+ or -] 0.01) or low FE (0.46 [+ or -] 0.01) were analyzed with an Agilent 44K chicken oligoarray. A 1.3-fold cutoff in expression (30% difference between groups) resulted in 782 genes that were differentially expressed (P < 0.05) in muscle between the high- and low-FE phenotypes. Ingenuity Pathway Analysis, an online software program, was used to identify genes, gene networks, and pathways associated with the phenotypic expression of FE. The results indicate that the high-FE phenotype exhibited increased expression of genes associated with 1) signal transduction pathways, 2) anabolic activities, and 3) energy-sensing and energy coordination activities, all of which would likely be favorable to cell growth and development. In contrast, the low-FE broiler phenotype exhibited upregulation of genes 1) associated with actin-myosin filaments, cytoskeletal architecture, and muscle fibers and 2) stress-related or stress-responsive genes. Because the low-FE broiler phenotype exhibits greater oxidative stress, it would appear that the low-FE phenotype is the product of inherent gene expression that is modulated by oxidative stress. The results of these studies begin to provide a comprehensive picture of gene expression in muscle, a major organ of energy demand in an animal, associated with phenotypic expression of FE. Keywords: feed efficiency, global gene expression, mitochondria, muscle

Subject terms:

Gene expression -- Research - Mitochondria -- Research - Mitochondria -- Genetic aspects - Poultry -- Food and nutrition - Poultry -- Research

Content provider:

General OneFile
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