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Каменные сверленые орудия из коллекции Ялтинского историко-литературного музея / Stone Drilled Tools from the Collection of the Yalta Historical-Literary Museum
Stupko M.V.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 11-22 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The object of this study is a selection of stone drilled tools found at different time... more
Каменные сверленые орудия из коллекции Ялтинского историко-литературного музея / Stone Drilled Tools from the Collection of the Yalta Historical-Literary Museum
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 11-22 (2017)
The object of this study is a selection of stone drilled tools found at different times in the city of Yalta and in its surroundings as random finds. At present, they are kept in the Yalta Historical-Literary Museum. These tools are stone drilled axes-hammers, hammers and pickaxes. In the course of the study, it was established that the axes-hammers are to be identified as instruments of the pit cultural-historical community. The most illustrative example of this group is the stone bec de corbin, direct analogues of which are found in the sites of the steppe Eneolithic of the Black Sea and the late Trypillia. It was concluded that the Southern shore was inhabited by tribes of the same cultural and historical communities as those of the Steppes of the Northern Black Sea Coast and the foothills of the Crimea.

Subject terms:

Early Metal Era - Southern Coast of Crimea - stone drilled axe-hammers - stone beak-shaped warhammer - stone hoes - Archaeology - CC1-960

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«Княжеские» находки и центры власти гуннского времени на периферии понтийской степи / “Princely” finds and centers of power of the Hunnic time on the periphery of the Pontic steppe
Kazanski Michel
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 127-137 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The geography of the so-called princely finds, related to the last third of the 4th — ... more
«Княжеские» находки и центры власти гуннского времени на периферии понтийской степи / “Princely” finds and centers of power of the Hunnic time on the periphery of the Pontic steppe
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 127-137 (2017)
The geography of the so-called princely finds, related to the last third of the 4th — first half of the 5th century on the northern and western periphery of the Black Sea steppes, occupied at that time by the Huns, is considered. These findings are associated with sedentary populations, since they are located on the territory where archeological cultures of sedentary barbarians are recorded. The geography of their distribution allows us to identify centers of power, so-called barbarian “kingdoms” on the outskirts of the Hunnic steppe. These centers of power were undoubtedly located in the zone of military and political domination of the Huns. In relation to the sedentary barbarians dependent on them, the Huns used two forms of control. In the first case, power was exercised through the agent appointed by the Huns. The second form of government presupposes the existence of vassal barbarous political formations, where the Huns used the power of a local sedentary aristocracy.

Subject terms:

Hunniс Period - Barbaricum - “princely” finds - power centers - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Византийский разновес, найденный на территории Гурзуфа / Byzantine weight found on the territory of Gurzuf
Manaev A.Ju.;Novikov S.A.;Turova N.P.;Choref M.M.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 138-144 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The object of this study is the Byzantine bronze weight found in 2017. The cross and t... more
Византийский разновес, найденный на территории Гурзуфа / Byzantine weight found on the territory of Gurzuf
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 138-144 (2017)
The object of this study is the Byzantine bronze weight found in 2017. The cross and the weight designation “ΓΒ” are visible. Therefore, there is every reason to identify it as a two-ounce weft. However, the process of its production was not completed. The root of the weaver was not polished, there are no traces of silver inlay on its sides. Most probably, the weight was rejected after the first weigh-in, because it weighs considerably less than the standard. We think that the studied weight was made on the spot, quite possible on the territory of Gurzuf. It is hard to believe that a defective, unformed properly dumbbell was brought from another center. This circumstance allows us to make a historical conclusion. We admit that Gorzuvitas’s importance as a regional trading center was relatively high—at least, sufficiently for establishing production of weights for its needs.

Subject terms:

history - archeology - Byzantium - Taurica - Byzantine weight - Archaeology - CC1-960

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О торговых связях города на плато Эски-Кермен с Херсоном (по материалам строительной керамики) / On trade relations of the City on the Plateau of Eski-Kermen with Cherson (data from building ceramics)
Zavadskaya I.A.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 145-164 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The article is the first description of the complex of roof tiles of the 1st group acc... more
О торговых связях города на плато Эски-Кермен с Херсоном (по материалам строительной керамики) / On trade relations of the City on the Plateau of Eski-Kermen with Cherson (data from building ceramics)
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 145-164 (2017)
The article is the first description of the complex of roof tiles of the 1st group according to the Chersonesian classification, discovered during the excavations of the urban quarter at the Eski-Kermen plateau in 2003—2008, 2013, 2015—2017 (headed by A. I. Aibabin and E. A. Khayredinova). It was argued that this group of roof tiles was made in the medieval Cherson or in its neighborhood. In the excavated part of the Eski-Kermena quarter, its volume was 9.7 % of the total number of tiles. The most of this group of tiles was found in the layers of destruction of the manor houses II and III. Probably shortly before the destruction of the quarter in the late 13th century, the tile imported from Cherson was used for the reconstruction of the roofs of these manors. Many ceramides had relief marks in the form of Greek letters, symbols, images of animals, birds and humans. Some of them are identical to the roof tiles from the excavations of Cherson. Thus, the tile, along with other handicraft products, was a part of the range of goods brought from Cherson to the Eski-Kermen plateau.

Subject terms:

Southwest Crimea - Eski-Kermen - Chersonesos - medieval roof tiles - relief marks - production and trade - trade routes - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Новый спелеоархеологический объект на Южном берегу Крыма (по материалам раскопок 2015 г. в пещере им. И. Белянского) / New Speleoarcheological Site on the Southern Coast of the Crimea (based on excavations in 2015 in the cave named after I....
Turova N.P.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 165-200 (2017) Please log in to see more details
One of the most urgent tasks facing archaeologists working in the Mountainous Crimea i... more
Новый спелеоархеологический объект на Южном берегу Крыма (по материалам раскопок 2015 г. в пещере им. И. Белянского) / New Speleoarcheological Site on the Southern Coast of the Crimea (based on excavations in 2015 in the cave named after I....
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 165-200 (2017)
One of the most urgent tasks facing archaeologists working in the Mountainous Crimea is the timely study of the objects with well-preserved ancient layers. Taking into account this need, the employees of the Yalta Historical-Literary Museum in 2015 conducted excavations on the territory of the I. Belyansky cave explored by speleologists in 2011. As a result, a new speleoarcheological object was discovered that was used during several centuries. The artifacts and anthropological findings found here suggest that an early medieval cemetery would have been built in the cave. The cave would have been as well a temporary refuge. In addition, the cave was of economic importance. During the summer, it served as a kind of “refrigerator”, as it is witnessed by the discovery of iron hooks. However, the cave had no cultic significance.

Subject terms:

Cave named after I. Belyansky - Mountain Crimea - Ai-Petri karst region - speleoarcheological object - “cave necropolis” - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Оборонительные сооружения ранневизантийского Херсона: реконструкция и развитие городской фортификации в IV—VI вв. / The Defensive structures of Early Byzantine Cherson: reconstruction and development of city fortification from the fourth to the sixth...
Vus O.V.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 203-247 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The organization of a reliable engineering defense of the Tauric Chersonesos (Cherson)... more
Оборонительные сооружения ранневизантийского Херсона: реконструкция и развитие городской фортификации в IV—VI вв. / The Defensive structures of Early Byzantine Cherson: reconstruction and development of city fortification from the fourth to the sixth...
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 203-247 (2017)
The organization of a reliable engineering defense of the Tauric Chersonesos (Cherson) from the fourth to the sixth centuries has been studied using architectural and epigraphical monuments as well as narrative sources and archeological artifacts. The author distinguishes several stages of Byzantine military construction in the city and comes to the conclusion on the permanence of this process. The paper focuses on the main causes of military-engineering activities: preparation for holding off an attack of the nomadic peoples of the Huns (in 375) and Göktürks (in 576), the realization of the imperial military construction program of Justinian I (527—565), as well as the need to restore the fortifications of Cherson after the devastating earthquakes of 480, 554, and 557. The author states that the defensive buildings erected in the late fourth century, the last quarter of the firth century, and the first third and the second half of the sixth century protected the Tauric Chersonesus (Cherson) from hostile attacks and ensured strategic interests of Byzantium in the Northern Coast of the Black Sea.

Subject terms:

Roman Empire - Byzantium - Taurica - Tauric Chersonesos (Cherson) - reconstruction - fortification - military construction - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Тшинецкий культурный круг — связующее звено между Балтийским и Черноморским регионами в эпоху поздней бронзы (2 тыс. до н.э.) / Tshinecs cultural circle as a link between the Baltic and Black Sea Regions in the Late Bronze Age (2nd millennium BCE)
Lysenko S.D.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 23-66 (2017) Please log in to see more details
Tshinetsky cultural circle (TCC) is a group of related archaeological cultures of the ... more
Тшинецкий культурный круг — связующее звено между Балтийским и Черноморским регионами в эпоху поздней бронзы (2 тыс. до н.э.) / Tshinecs cultural circle as a link between the Baltic and Black Sea Regions in the Late Bronze Age (2nd millennium BCE)
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 23-66 (2017)
Tshinetsky cultural circle (TCC) is a group of related archaeological cultures of the Late Bronze Age in forest and steppe zones of Eastern Europe. It embraces the territory from the Oder River basin in the west to the Desna basin in the east, from the Baltic in the north to the border of the right-bank forest-steppe and steppe in the south. TCC area is divided into Western (Baltic Sea Basin) and the Eastern (Black Sea basin) arrays. To the west array belongs Tshinets culture, to the east — Komarov (in the forest) and Sosnitsa (in Polesie) cultures. The only category of culturally significant artifacts for the entire TCC area is a ceramic complex, especially tulip vessels with S-shaped profile and bowls. The origins of morphology of the vessels with S-shaped profile are traced in the archaeological cultures of the Middle Bronze Age of South Baltic (Riesenbecher type vessels). Throughout the entire development the TCC was influenced by the cultural formatuions of the steppe zone of Eastern Europe. The penetration Tshinets-Komorov pottery and metallic adornments in area of steppe cultures of the Northwest Black Sea littoral is traced.

Subject terms:

Tshinets cultural circle - ceramic - funeral rite - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Византийские (средиземноморские) мечи с перекрестьями с муфтой IX—XI вв. / Byzantine (Mediterranian) 9th — 11th century swords with sleeve cross-guards
Baranov G.V.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 248-283 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The article reviews such as a group of early medieval swords with cross-guards having ... more
Византийские (средиземноморские) мечи с перекрестьями с муфтой IX—XI вв. / Byzantine (Mediterranian) 9th — 11th century swords with sleeve cross-guards
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 248-283 (2017)
The article reviews such as a group of early medieval swords with cross-guards having three main elements: a collar, a quillon and a sleeve. A significant number of such swords as well as separate cross-guards were found in Eastern Europe and are dated from the 9th c. (possibly as early as the second half of the 8th c.) to the 11th c. This design of cross-guards is typical of the Mediterranean region. Its wide spread across Eastern Europe should be linked to the influence of the Byzantine Empire, where comparable items can be found in art. The paper categorizes cross-guards of this kind into three main types and describes the principal trends in their evolution: reduction of collar and sleeve height and increasing quillon length. Two types of pommels in such swords are described, as well as remaining elements of scabbards.

Subject terms:

sword-guard - spatha - Byzantine Empire - medieval arms - Byzantine arms - Archaeology - CC1-960

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The Import of Gun Barrels and Their Price in Georgia in 17th — 18th cc.
Tabuashvili Apolon
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 284-293 (2017) Please log in to see more details
Fire arms were manufactured in Georgia from 17th — 18th cc. Because of this the fire a... more
The Import of Gun Barrels and Their Price in Georgia in 17th — 18th cc.
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 284-293 (2017)
Fire arms were manufactured in Georgia from 17th — 18th cc. Because of this the fire arms were widely spread among the population. The Georgians actively used guns in the 17th and especially 18th cc. Furthermore, the production from Tbilisi spread to the neighbouring countries. Flintlock guns consisted of three major details: barrel, flintlock mechanism, and stock. The sources confirm that the flintlock mechanisms and stocks were produced locally. As to the gun barrels, the situation was quite different. Imported gun barrels from Crimea were generally used to produce fire arms in Tbilisi and the rest of Georgia. It was because of Crimean gun barrels that the most commonly used term for a gun in Georgia was “Kirimi”/”Khirimi”. The Ethnology and Modern History Guns Fund of the Georgian National Museum (Simon Janashia Museum of Georgia) also hosts hundreds of guns with imported Crimean gun barrels produced in the 18th c. Tbilisi. The import of gun barrels was well documented in the Georgian customs tax tariff, which enables the scholars to establish guns’ prices in those times.

Subject terms:

Georgia - Crimea - fire arm - Crimean barrel - Tbilisi - prices - Archaeology - CC1-960

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О «пещере Парфенон» в Херсонесе / About the “Parthenon Сave” in Chersonesos
Sorochan S.B.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 297-310 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The problem of localization of the “Parthenon Cave” reported by the “Lives of the Bish... more
О «пещере Парфенон» в Херсонесе / About the “Parthenon Сave” in Chersonesos
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 297-310 (2017)
The problem of localization of the “Parthenon Cave” reported by the “Lives of the Bishops of Cherson” has repeatedly been the subject of scientific research. As a result, many versions were made for scientific discussion in the opinion of their creators, which made it possible to determine its location. My research was conducted to analyze these hypotheses. Having studied the issue, I come to the conclusion that the data of the topography of Chersonesos—Cherson make it possible to most convincingly link the sought-after monument with the Martyrium with the underground crypt in quarter III in the eastern part of the city. The sanctuary that existed here a few dozen meters from the temenos Parthenon is possible from the end of the Hellenistic era or from the first centuries CE. In the 4th century. it was abandoned and in its place arose the economic complex of early Byzantine times. Then, after events unknown to us, most likely connected with the pious searches of townspeople by their Christian relics, it again became the place of worship of Christians who arranged their sacred places in return for pagan ones.

Subject terms:

Tauric Chersonesos - Lives of the Cherson Bishops - Parthenon - Byzantine Empire - hagiography - topography - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Византийский мрамор Херсонеса Таврического: начало изучения / Byzantine marble of Tauric Chersonesos: beginning of the study
Khrushkova L.G.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 311-341 (2017) Please log in to see more details
In the article the beginning of the study of marble architectural details brought to T... more
Византийский мрамор Херсонеса Таврического: начало изучения / Byzantine marble of Tauric Chersonesos: beginning of the study
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 311-341 (2017)
In the article the beginning of the study of marble architectural details brought to Tauric Chersonesos from Byzantine workshops is considered. The first author who turned to the study of the early Byzantine basilica of Tauric Chersonesos and their marble decor was Alexandr L. Bertier Delagarde. He made an important conclusion about the origin of marbles from Proconessos, but the dates he proposed were not confirmed. Unfortunately, the excavations of Tauric Chersonesos under the guidance of the Archaeological Commission (Sankt-Petersburg) was conducted not professionally, therefore there is no information on the structure with which the capitals and other elements are connected. The publication of the marble catalog conceived by Dmitry V. Ainalov did not take place. For the first time the typological and chronological classification of the marbles of Tauric Chersonesos was first realized by Anatoly L. Yakobson more than a century later and a quarter after the beginning of the excavations of the basilicas of Tauric Chersonesos.

Subject terms:

archaeology - historiography - architecture - Tauric Chersonesos - Archaeology - CC1-960

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К вопросу о некоторых памятниках Херсонеса Таврического и средневековой грузинской архитектуры / Towards Some Monuments of Tauric Chersonesus and Medieval Georgian Architecture
Silagadze Nino
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 342-352 (2017) Please log in to see more details
As it is known, in the early Christian era there were close ties between the Chersones... more
К вопросу о некоторых памятниках Херсонеса Таврического и средневековой грузинской архитектуры / Towards Some Monuments of Tauric Chersonesus and Medieval Georgian Architecture
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 342-352 (2017)
As it is known, in the early Christian era there were close ties between the Chersonesus and the Georgian churches, as a number of historical written sources indicate it. In this article, we consider the architectural features of Chersonesus cross-shaped churches and some monuments of Georgian medieval architecture. As the analysis of these samples shows, in the evolution of religious architecture in both regions many common features can be found. All examples of the architecture of the Crimea, discussed below, were found on the Chersonesus site and its surroundings as a result of archaeological excavations. As A. Yakobson notes, in Chersonese there were preserved 6 early Christian churches in the shape of Greek cross. The subject of our interest is the architectural and typological features of these buildings, which, in our opinion, have much in common with similar churches in medieval Georgia.

Subject terms:

croix libre - Chersonesus - Georgia - architecture - church - Byzantium - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Нижнедонская контактная зона взаимодействия номадов и оседлого населения в первые века н.э. / Lower Don Contact Zone of interaction of Nomads and the Settled Population in the first centuries CE
Vdovchenkov E.V.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 355-366 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The article is devoted to one of the most pressing problems of the history of the anci... more
Нижнедонская контактная зона взаимодействия номадов и оседлого населения в первые века н.э. / Lower Don Contact Zone of interaction of Nomads and the Settled Population in the first centuries CE
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 355-366 (2017)
The article is devoted to one of the most pressing problems of the history of the ancient Northern Black Sea region: the situation in the Lower Don contact zone in the first centuries CE. Its main peculiarity was the mutual influence of the ancient and barbarian Iranian world on the one hand, and the interaction of the sedentary and nomadic population of the region on the other. In the Lower Don from the first to the third centuries CE, lived three different ethno-cultural groups: the nomads of Sarmatia, the Greeks (inhabitants of Tanais), and the Meotians (in the ancient settlements on the right and left banks of Don). Based on the analysis of archaeological data and written sources, the features of the Lower Don contact zone are presented as a result of evolution in three interconnected planes: economic, ethno-cultural, and political. Attention is paid to the problem of the Tanais and Meotian fortifications, as well as to the identification of specific cultural practices that arisen in the Lower Don contact zone.

Subject terms:

Tanais - Sarmatians - Meotians - Lower Don area - surface area - sarmatisation - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Древний Китай согласно данным «Древнеармянской географии» или «Ашхарацуйц»-е / Ancient China according to the data of “the Ancient Armenian Geography” or “Ashkharatsuyts”
Arutyunyan H.Zh.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 367-374 (2017) Please log in to see more details
In “The Ancient Armenian Geography” (or “Ashkharatsuyts”, literally “The Outline of th... more
Древний Китай согласно данным «Древнеармянской географии» или «Ашхарацуйц»-е / Ancient China according to the data of “the Ancient Armenian Geography” or “Ashkharatsuyts”
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 367-374 (2017)
In “The Ancient Armenian Geography” (or “Ashkharatsuyts”, literally “The Outline of the World”), the last among all countries of Europe, Africa and Asia is China, which the authors of the source divide into two parts, mentioning it as the 37th and 38th country of world. The authors describe not only the territories of these countries, but also pay great attention to the orography, the nature, and traditions of the inhabitants of the country. Unfortunately, there is no information about its administrative-territorial division, which we find in “Ashkharatsuyts” under descriptions of almost all other countries of the world. This source elaborates on the natural resources and wealth of China, especially the 37th country. We tried to explain the reasons why China has been divided by the authors into two conditional states.

Subject terms:

“Ashkharatsuyts” - “Ancient Armenian Geography” - Movses of Khorene - Ananias of Shirak - Sima Qian - ancient China - China (north - south) - China - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Византийцы на Боспоре VI в. / The Byzantines on Bosporus at 6th century CE
Bolgov N.N.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 375-380 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The article examines the history of the Byzantine conquest of the Cimmerian Bosporus i... more
Византийцы на Боспоре VI в. / The Byzantines on Bosporus at 6th century CE
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 375-380 (2017)
The article examines the history of the Byzantine conquest of the Cimmerian Bosporus in the 6th century CE. through the prism of the prosopographical approach. The author briefly characterizes the biographical information about the main actors of these events, information about which has been preserved in written sources. Analysis of this information allows us to conclude that the conquest of a new country (and not the restoration of the power of the empire, as was the case in other cases of the Justinian era) was associated with the activities of the largest aristocrats, members of the Imperial family (Probus), as well as the major military commanders of the army Justinian of barbarous origin (Godila, Baduarius). In the process of research, the career achievements of these individuals are shown, as well as their role in the history of the Bosporus. In conclusion is given a typological assessment of the Bosporus region in the history of the conquests of Justinian.

Subject terms:

Byzantines - Bosporus - empire - conquest - Utigurs - Crimea - military nobility - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Торговля на Среднеднестровском Левобережье в IX—XIII вв. / Trade in the Dniester River Left Bank Middle Region in 9th — 13th centuries
Maiarchak S.P.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 381-387 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The subject of study are trade relations in the 9th — 13th centuries. in the South of ... more
Торговля на Среднеднестровском Левобережье в IX—XIII вв. / Trade in the Dniester River Left Bank Middle Region in 9th — 13th centuries
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 381-387 (2017)
The subject of study are trade relations in the 9th — 13th centuries. in the South of Eastern Europe, or, more precisely, in one of the regions of Ancient Rus — on the Left bank of the Middle Dniester within the Khmelnytsky region of Ukraine. Considerable attention was paid to the identification of trade routes passing through this territory. In the course of the research, the facts that were suitable for covering trade relations in the region in the 9th — 11th centuries were summarized and investigated. As a result, I concluded that trade in the region predominantly had the form of commodity exchange. And it involved the population of settlements of various social types. It was established that from the region, primarily agricultural products and fisheries were exported: fur, honey, wax, and fish.

Subject terms:

Dnister river Left bank Middle region - Podillya - Khmel’nyts’ka Oblast’ - Ukraine - trade - Ancient Rus - 9th — 13th centuries - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Пискаревский летописец как источник по истории русско-крымских отношений 1570-х — 1590-х гг. / The Piskarevsky chronicle as a source on the history of Russian-Crimean Relations in the 1570s — 1590s
Solodkin Ya.G.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 388-394 (2017) Please log in to see more details
Formed in its final form in the middle of the 17th century, the Piskarevsky chronicle,... more
Пискаревский летописец как источник по истории русско-крымских отношений 1570-х — 1590-х гг. / The Piskarevsky chronicle as a source on the history of Russian-Crimean Relations in the 1570s — 1590s
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 388-394 (2017)
Formed in its final form in the middle of the 17th century, the Piskarevsky chronicle, based on the original part of which are “notes” of a Moscow official, contains quite lengthy entries devoted to the Crimean raids of 1571, 1572 and 1591 on the Russian capital, as well as the Serpukhov campaign of Tsar Boris Fedorovich. These entries, published according to the style and range of interests, from the pen of one person, preserved many unique, often quite reliable information (especially about Moscow's fire in May 1571 and battles near it after two decades), pass on an oral tradition (revealed in some other narrative memorials of that time) or captured the memories of a contemporary, although sometimes they show certain dependence on “ranks”.

Subject terms:

Piskarevsky chronicle - Russia - Crimean Khanate - Ivan IV - Devlet-Girey - Kazy (Gazi)-Girey - Crimean invasion of Moscow in 1571 - Molodino battle - invasion of Crimean Tatars into Russia in 1591 - Serpukhov campaign of Tsar Boris Fedorovich - sources and degree of reliability of chronicle entries on Russian-Crimean relations - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Караимская коллекция из фондов Центрального музея Тавриды / Karaite Collection from the Funds of the Central Museum of Taurida
Prokhorov D.A.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 395-437 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The objects of study are artifacts from the Karaite collection, which is kept in the f... more
Караимская коллекция из фондов Центрального музея Тавриды / Karaite Collection from the Funds of the Central Museum of Taurida
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 395-437 (2017)
The objects of study are artifacts from the Karaite collection, which is kept in the funds of the State Budgetary Institution of the Republic of Crimea the Central Museum of Taurida. The history of its formation is also studied. The collection includes a large number of exhibits directly related to the history of the Karaites of the Crimea. Among the items of this collection are especially interesting manuscripts, elements of decoration of the Karaite kenases, religious objects, jewelry and household products, as well as rare photographs and documents. Materials stored in other museum depositories in the Republic of Crimea were also taken into account. The ethnographic and historical and cultural value of the Karaite collection’s items has been demonstrated. Unfortunately, some of the artifacts previously listed in the collection were lost due to the anti-religious policy of the Soviet state as well as during the Great Patriotic War.

Subject terms:

Crimea - Karaites - historical heritage - museum collection - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Надчеканки на боспорских монетах Полемона I как источник исторической информации / Countermarks on Bosporus coins of Polemon I as a source of historical information
Choref M.M.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 441-467 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The article is devoted to the study of Bosporus bronze coins with the monogram BAE on ... more
Надчеканки на боспорских монетах Полемона I как источник исторической информации / Countermarks on Bosporus coins of Polemon I as a source of historical information
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 441-467 (2017)
The article is devoted to the study of Bosporus bronze coins with the monogram BAE on the reverse. The objects of the study were both initially imprinted images and over-markings on the obverse. The appearance on them of the busts and symbols of Gorgon, Isis, Zeus Amon, and Serapis is not accidental. After all, before the end of the release of bronze with the monogram BAE they were not respected at the state level in the Bosporus state. This fact can be explained by the desire of their issuer, apparently Polemon I, not only to legitimize, but also to sanctify his power. To this end, he planted in it the cults of unknown gods in the region, whom he considered his patrons. The result was an outrage of the majority of the local residents. Increasing of the social tension in the Bosporus state led to decreasing of the zone of influence of its sovereign. As a result, Polemon I began to feel a shortage of funds, reflected not only in the chronic damage to the bronze coin, but also in its counter-marking. On the coins, images of the gods revered in the Bosporus state were placed. However, this did not reconcile Polemon I with his Northern Black Sea subjects. The Romans remained the only support of his regime. For this reason, by the end of the reign of Polemon I, on his bronze, there appeared countermarks glorifying G. Julius Caesar and Augustus. However, the authorities of the Empire understood that the obvious antagonism between Polemon I and his unwilling subjects could lead not only to the collapse of the regime of this sovereign and to a systemic crisis in the Black Sea region but also to the emergence of an anti-Roman center of influence in the region. Moreover, the inhabitants of the Bosporus sought only to restore the situation that had developed under Asander. They also wanted to honor the gods of their fathers. Therefore, the Romans not only distanced themselves from Polemon I, but also found it possible soon after his death to find a common language with the Mithridatides. Thus, the failures of this sovereign pushed the parties to work out a compromise that extended the existence of the Bosporan kingdom for another five centuries.

Subject terms:

Bosporus - history - numismatics - Polemon I - religion - economy - countermarks - Archaeology - CC1-960

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О публикации надписей с городища Артезиан в Восточном Крыму / On the Publication of Inscriptions from Fortress Artezian in East Crimea
Yailenko V.P.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 471-484 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The author has critically revised the published by A. V. Belousov inscriptions from Fo... more
О публикации надписей с городища Артезиан в Восточном Крыму / On the Publication of Inscriptions from Fortress Artezian in East Crimea
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 471-484 (2017)
The author has critically revised the published by A. V. Belousov inscriptions from Fortress Artezian in East Crimea — graffito on ceramic fragment and epitaph. He reveals the editor’s mistakes and gives an adequate text and commentary. Recto, ll. 1-2: scribe’s name Salas and full alphabet. Ll. 3-6: [? Δολ]ηι χαίριν, | χαίριν | [ Ἀπ]άτουρος, | [κα]λὸς Δολης, δ[οι]οι (? sc. καλοί) «[? “regards to Doles, heil Apaturos, Doles is beautiful; (?) both are beautiful”. Tergo, ll. 1-2: ἐλήκασα, {μη} οὐδ᾽ | ὁ Δολης «“It is me, who defloravit, but not this Doles”. Epitaph: Σωστιβι Διωνυσίου καὶ ὑοὶ Δισακὸς καὶ Παδαφου, χαιρετε “Sostibios, Dionysios’ son, and the sons Disakos and Padaphous, farewell”. The names Σωστιβιος and Παδαφους are Anatolian, Δισακός = = Greek Διψακός. A date of both inscriptions is I or II Century AD.

Subject terms:

Artezian - inscriptions - textual criticism - commentary - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Амфорные клейма из Надлиманского городища / Amphora stamps from the Nadlimanskoe fortified settlement
Ivashchenko M.V.;Sinika V.S.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 484-533 (2017) Please log in to see more details
Amphorae stamps are one of the most informative categories of archaeological material ... more
Амфорные клейма из Надлиманского городища / Amphora stamps from the Nadlimanskoe fortified settlement
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 484-533 (2017)
Amphorae stamps are one of the most informative categories of archaeological material discovered during excavations of the Nadlimanskoe fortified settlement of Chobruchi on the left bank of the Dniester firth. The first publications of the stamps contained a lot of mistakes, including gross ones. In the present paper these errors have been corrected. In addition, the analysis of the stamps of the Black Sea and Mediterranean centers was conducted. The analisis makes it possible to distinguish four stages of the receipt of imported products in stamped ceramic tare on the Nadlimanskoe fortified settlement: 1) 410—371 BC; 2) 370—336 BC; 3) 335—306 BC; 4) 305—271. Taking into account the coefficients of stamping, authors managed to calculate the absolute density of distribution of the products in the ceramic tare that arrived in the Nadlimanskoe fortified settlement from the end of the 5th c. BC till the end of the first fird of the 3rd c. BC.

Subject terms:

Left bank on the Lower Dniester Region - fortified settlement - amphora stamps - the end of the 5th — the first fird of the 3rd centuries BC - Archaeology - CC1-960

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К 60-летию известного российского историка С. С. Казарова / On the 60th Anniversary of the well-known Russian Historian S. S. Kazarov
Yatsenko S.A.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 537-538 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The note is devoted to highlighting the scientific achievements and personal qualities... more
К 60-летию известного российского историка С. С. Казарова / On the 60th Anniversary of the well-known Russian Historian S. S. Kazarov
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 537-538 (2017)
The note is devoted to highlighting the scientific achievements and personal qualities of the anniversarian, the historian from Rostov-on-Don Sarkis S. Kazarov. There the main stages of his research activity and University professor’ career are analyzed. The main sphere if his interest — the history of ancient Epirus of Classical and early Hellenistic times, the important its result — the post-Doctoral diss. and his book “History of Pyrrhus, King of Epirus” (Saint Petersburg, 2009, in Russian). The second field where S. S. Kazarov is well-known specialist — the history of Armenian community in the Lower Don Basin (first of all — the New Nakhichevan city, now the eastern part of Rostov-on-Don) in the late 18th — 20th cc. He is the author of two books on the local Armenian Church and on the Imperial time Armenian merchants of Nakhichevan. In addition, the historian pay attention to the development of his Alma Mater — the former Warsaw University in 1915 moved to Rostov-on-Don.

Subject terms:

Kazarov S. S. - South Federal University - history of ancient Epirus - history of Armenian community in the Don Mouth - history of Warsaw / Rostov University - main publications - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Начальная русь без Начальной летописи: новый виток спора о ранней истории Восточной Европы (Рецензия на книгу: Толочко А. П. 2015. Очерки начальной руси. Киев; Санкт-Петербург: Laurus) / Primary Rus’ without the Primary Chronicle: New Round of Debate...
Romensky A.A.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 541-552 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The new book of Aleksei Tolochko is devoted to the problem of the formation of Rus as ... more
Начальная русь без Начальной летописи: новый виток спора о ранней истории Восточной Европы (Рецензия на книгу: Толочко А. П. 2015. Очерки начальной руси. Киев; Санкт-Петербург: Laurus) / Primary Rus’ without the Primary Chronicle: New Round of Debate...
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 541-552 (2017)
The new book of Aleksei Tolochko is devoted to the problem of the formation of Rus as a kind of special socium — the corporation of slave-traders on the Dnieper waterway. The history of Rus in Eastern Europe is considered in the context of the source-study questions about the early stages of the chronicle writing and the circumstances of the creation of the first chronicle narrative — Tale of Bygone Years. The author focuses attention on the unreliability of the general scheme of history in the PVL, as well as the information of the alternative source — “Memory and Eulogy” by Jacob the Monk. The structure of Rus’ society is investigated according to the treaties with Byzantium, as well as the treatises of Constantine Porphyrogenitus. The formation of statehood established only in the era of Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavich.

Subject terms:

Primary Chronicle - Rus’ - State-making - the way “from Varangians to the Greeks” - Scandinavian antiquities - narrative - Archaeology - CC1-960

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Греческая колонизация Синдики / The Greek colonization of Syndika
Novichikhin A.M.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 67-96 (2017) Please log in to see more details
With archaeological studies of the Anapa area, the territory of the historical Syndika... more
Греческая колонизация Синдики / The Greek colonization of Syndika
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 67-96 (2017)
With archaeological studies of the Anapa area, the territory of the historical Syndika, it was established that the first contacts of the Greek world with the local population date back to the late seventh—early sixth centuries BCE. The active development of the coast of Syndika by the Greeks begun in the second half of the sixth century BCE, when there are here the Alekseevskoe and Anapskoye settlements. The Anapa settlement soon became a significant center. Probably it is this colony that was known to ancient authors as Syndica or the Syndician harbour. Traces of destruction and fires of the late sixth and fifth centuries BCE, discovered with archaeological excavations, indicate the unstable situation in Syndica before its inclusion into the Bosporus state and the emergence of the Bosporan polis of Gorgippia in the place of the Syndician harbour. The materials of the necropolis of the Anapa settlement and sparse epigraphic monuments testify to the ethnic heterogeneity of its population that included people from Greek centers and representatives of barbarian peoples.

Subject terms:

Greek colonization - Bosporus - Syndika - Gorgippia - archaeology - epigraphy - settlement - necropolis - the Greeks - the Scythians - Archaeology - CC1-960

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«Казарма» в Портовом районе города: основные итоги исследования (взгляд из Херсонеса) / “Barracks” in the Port area of the city: the main results of the study (a view from Chersoneses)
Ushakov S.V.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 97-126 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The article presents the results of an archaeological research of the complex of build... more
«Казарма» в Портовом районе города: основные итоги исследования (взгляд из Херсонеса) / “Barracks” in the Port area of the city: the main results of the study (a view from Chersoneses)
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 97-126 (2017)
The article presents the results of an archaeological research of the complex of buildings known in historiography as the “Barracks” in the Port area of the Tauric Chersonesos by a joint expedition of the Kharkov State University and the National reserve “Tauric Chersonese” in 1993—1998. During this time, the study of all the main components of this architectural and archaeological complex was performed, namely, the “Barracks”, the “Gallery”, the rooms 35, 36 (А, Б, В, К), 38, 61, 63, and others. Its graphical fixation has been carried out. The stratigraphy of the strata of the cultural layer has been traced. An important amount of the so-called mass archaeological material has been obtained. These data allow us to trace the main stages of the construction history and reconstruct the appearance of the “Barracks”.

Subject terms:

Tauric Chersonesos - “Barracks” - historiography - finds - amphorae - terra sigillata - stratigraphy - chronology - Archaeology - CC1-960

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