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Attributional and consequential environmental assessment of using waste cooking oil- and poultry fat-based biodiesel blends in urban buses: a real-world operation condition study
Mohammad Rajaeifar;Meisam Tabatabaei;Reza Abdi;Ali Mohammad Latifi;Fatemeh ...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Biofuel Research Journal, Vol 4, Iss 3, Pp 638-653 (2017) Please log in to see more details
Urban public transportation sector in general is heavily dependent on fossil-oriented ... more
Attributional and consequential environmental assessment of using waste cooking oil- and poultry fat-based biodiesel blends in urban buses: a real-world operation condition study
Biofuel Research Journal, Vol 4, Iss 3, Pp 638-653 (2017)
Urban public transportation sector in general is heavily dependent on fossil-oriented fuels, e.g., diesel. Given the fact that a major proportion of urban pollution and the consequent threats towards public health are attributed to this sector, serious efforts at both technical and political levels have been being made to introduce less-polluting fueling regimes, e.g., partial replacement of diesel with biodiesel. In line with that, the present study was aimed at evaluating the emissions attributed to 5% blends of waste cooking oil (WCO) and poultry fat (PF) biodiesel fuels (i.e., B5-WCO and B5-PF fuel blends) when used in urban buses during idle operation mode. Moreover, the attributional and consequential environmental impacts of using these fuel blends were also investigated through a well to wheel life cycle assessment (LCA) by considering the real-world condition combustion data using ten urban buses. The findings of the ALCA revealed that the application of 1 L B5-WCO fuel blend could potentially reduce the environmental burdens in human health, ecosystem quality, and resources damage categories compared with using the B5-PF fuel blend. The situation was opposite for climate change damage category in which using 1 L B5-PF fuel blend had a lower impact on the environment. Overall, the environmental hotspots in the B5-WCO and B5-PF life cycles were identified as the combustion stage as well as the diesel production and transportation. From the consequential perspective, using 1 L B5-WCO fuel blend could potentially decrease the environmental burdens in human health, ecosystem quality, and resources damage categories. While, the situation was different for climate change damage category where using 1 L B5-PF fuel blend could have a lower impact on the environment. In conclusion, using B5-WCO fuel blend as an alternative for diesel could be an environmentally-friendly decision for the Iranian urban transportation sector at the policy level as long as the marginal suppliers of oil would be the same as the countries considered herein, i.e., Malaysia and Argentina.

Subject terms:

Urban public transportation sector - Bus - Idle operation - Biodiesel - Attributional LCA - Consequential LCA - Fuel - TP315-360 - Energy industries. Energy policy. Fuel trade - HD9502-9502.5

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Experimental investigation of a novel PVt/heat pump system for energy-efficient poultry houses.
Gurler, Tugba;Elmer, Theo;Cui, Yuanlong;Omer, Siddig;Riffat, Saffa
Academic Journal Academic Journal | International Journal of Low Carbon Technologies. Dec2018, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p404-413. 10p. 1 Color Photograph, 5 Diagrams, 7 Charts, 5 Graphs. Please log in to see more details
Despite the promise of abundant renewable energy resources in the world, the poultry s... more
Experimental investigation of a novel PVt/heat pump system for energy-efficient poultry houses.
International Journal of Low Carbon Technologies. Dec2018, Vol. 13 Issue 4, p404-413. 10p. 1 Color Photograph, 5 Diagrams, 7 Charts, 5 Graphs.
Despite the promise of abundant renewable energy resources in the world, the poultry sector is still dominated by traditional energy sources. In this study, results of a field trial of an innovative and cost-effective HVAC system design applied to a poultry house have been presented. This system comprises of two integrated novel components; a polyethylene heat exchanger (PHE) based a photovoltaic thermal (PVt) array and an efficient and innovative ground pipe array coupled to a heat pump driven HVAC system. The analysis included the daily PV electrical output and heat pump performance. The results of the experimental study reveal that 3733 kWh and 2432 kWh heat energy have been supplied in the 7-week growth cycle of chickens condition, respectively. The COP of the HP has been calculated for the winter period and observed between 2.3 and 2.43. The PV system was able to generate 1876 kWh electrical energy with potential to meet HP's energy needs in the most energy needing period. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

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Temperature, Humidity and Energy Consumption Forecasting in the Poultry Hall Using Artificial Neural Networknetwork
N Gholamrezaei;K Qaderi;K Jafari Naeimi
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Journal of Agricultural Machinery, Vol 7, Iss 2, Pp 546-557 (2017) Please log in to see more details
Introduction Energy consumption management is one of the most important issues in po... more
Temperature, Humidity and Energy Consumption Forecasting in the Poultry Hall Using Artificial Neural Networknetwork
Journal of Agricultural Machinery, Vol 7, Iss 2, Pp 546-557 (2017)
Introduction Energy consumption management is one of the most important issues in poultry halls management. Considering the situation of poultry as one of the largest and most developed industries, it is needed to control growing condition based on world standards. The neural networks as one of the intelligent methods are applied in a lot of fields such as classification, pattern recognition, prediction and modeling of processes. To detect and classify several agricultural crops, a research was conducted based on texture and color feature. The highest classification accuracy for vegetables, grains and fruits with using artificial neural network were 80%, 86% and 70%. In this research, the ability to Multilayer Perceptron (MLP) Neural Network in predicting energy consumption, temperature and humidity in different coordinate placement of electronic control unit sensors in the poultry house environment was examined. Materials and Methods The experiments were conducted in a poultry unit (3000 pieces) that is located in Fars province, Marvdasht city, Ramjerd town, with dimensions of 32 meters long, 7 meters wide and 2.2 meters height. To determine the appropriate placement of the sensor, 60 different points in terms of length, width and height in poultry were selected. Initially, the data was divided into two datasets. 80 percent of total data as a training set and 20 percent of total data as a test set. From180 observations, 144 data were used to train network and 36 data were used to test the process. There are several criteria for evaluating predictive models that they are mainly based according to the difference between the predicted outputs and actual outputs. To evaluate the performance of the model, two statistical indexes, mean squared error (MSE) and the coefficient of determination (R²) were used. Results and Discussions In this study, to train artificial neural network for predicting the temperature, humidity and energy consumption, the trainlm algorithm (Levenberg-Marquardt) was used. To simulate temperature, humidity and energy consumption, networks were trained with two and three layers, respectively. Network with two layers with10 neurons in the hidden layer and one neuron in the output layer with (R²) equal to 0.96 and (MSE) equal to 0.00912, was given the best result for predicting temperature. For humidity electronic sensors, results showed that network with three layers with the 10 neurons in the first hidden layer, 20 neurons in the second hidden layer and one neuron in the output layer with (R²) equal to 0.8 and (MSE) equal to 0.00783 was the best for predicting humidity. Finally, network with two layers with 10 neurons in the first hidden layer, 10 neurons in the second hidden layer and one neuron in the output layer was selected as the optimal structure for predicting energy consumption. For this topology, (R²) and MSE were determined to 0.98 and 0.00114, respectively. Linear and multivariate regression for the parameters affecting temperature, humidity and energy consumption of electronic sensors was determined by the STATGR software. Correlation coefficients indicated that parameters such as length, height and width of the electronic control sensors placed in the poultry hall justified 82% of the temperature changes, 61% of the humidity changes and 92% of the energy consumption changes. Therefore, comparing with correlation coefficients obtained from the neural network models, the highest correlation coefficient was related to energy parameter and the lowest correlation was linked to humidity parameter. Conclusions The results of the study indicated the high performance for predicting temperature, humidity and energy consumption. The networks hadthree inputs including length, width and height of electronic sensor positions and an output for temperature, humidity and energy consumption. For training networks the multiple layer perceptron (MLP) with error back propagation learning algorithm (BP) was used. Functions activity for all networks in hidden layers were tangentsigmoid and in the output layer, linear (purelin). Comparing the results of artificial neural network and logistic regression model showed that artificial neural network model with correlation coefficients of 0.98 (energy), 0.96 (temperature) and 0.8 (humidity) provided closer data to the actual data compared with regression models with correlation coefficients of 0.92, 0.82 and 0.61 for the energy, temperature and humidity respectively.

Subject terms:

Artificialneural network - Electronic control - Energy - Modeling - Temperature - Agriculture (General) - S1-972 - Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) - TA1-2040

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Development of an RT-qPCR assay for the specific detection of a distinct genetic lineage of the infectious bursal disease virus.
Tomás, Gonzalo;Hernández, Martín;Marandino, Ana;Techera, Claudia;Grecco, So...
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Avian Pathology; Apr2017, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p150-156, 7p Please log in to see more details
The infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is a major health threat to the world’s pou... more
Development of an RT-qPCR assay for the specific detection of a distinct genetic lineage of the infectious bursal disease virus.
Avian Pathology; Apr2017, Vol. 46 Issue 2, p150-156, 7p
The infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is a major health threat to the world’s poultry industry despite intensive controls including proper biosafety practices and vaccination. IBDV (Avibirnavirus, Birnaviridae) is a non-enveloped virus with a bisegmented double-stranded RNA genome. The virus is traditionally classified into classic, variant and very virulent strains, each with different epidemiological relevance and clinical implications. Recently, a novel worldwide spread genetic lineage was described and denoted as distinct (d) IBDV. Here, we report the development and validation of a reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) assay for the specific detection of dIBDVs in the global poultry industry. The assay employs a TaqMan-MGB probe that hybridizes with a unique molecular signature of dIBDV. The assay successfully detected all the assessed strains belonging to the dIBDV genetic lineage, showing high specificity and absence of cross-reactivity with non-dIBDVs, IBDV-negative samples and other common avian viruses. Using serial dilutions ofin vitro-transcribed RNA we obtained acceptable PCR efficiencies and determination coefficients, and relatively small intra- and inter-assay variability. The assay demonstrated a wide dynamic range between 103and 108RNA copies/reaction. This rapid, specific and quantitative assay is expected to improve IBDV surveillance and control worldwide and to increase our understanding of the molecular epidemiology of this economically detrimental poultry pathogen. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]

Subject terms:

INFECTIOUS bursal disease virus - BIRNAVIRIDAE - BIOSAFETY - QUANTITATIVE research - POULTRY viruses

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Studies Concerning the Dynamics of Productive Indicators on Gray Guinea Fowl (Numida Meleagris).
ROŞCA, Dan Claudiu;USTUROI, Marius Giorgi
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Bulletin of the University of Agricultural Sciences 2018, Vol. 75 Issue 1, p1-4, 4p Please log in to see more details
Growing guinea-fowls is an area of less research activity, although meat and eggs from... more
Studies Concerning the Dynamics of Productive Indicators on Gray Guinea Fowl (Numida Meleagris).
Bulletin of the University of Agricultural Sciences 2018, Vol. 75 Issue 1, p1-4, 4p
Growing guinea-fowls is an area of less research activity, although meat and eggs from this species are increasingly sought by consumers around the world. In addition, there is a number of very valuable biological features that makes this sector such attractive. This paper deals with a study on the productive performance of the gray guinea fowl under controlled ambient conditions. The biological material consisted of 50 specimens of guinea-fowls, purchased from a producer in our country. Those guinea fowls were grown according to the species-specific technology, from one day to 77 days. The target indicators were body weight, weight gain, feed consumption and stockholding proportion, determined in accordance with the poultry research methodology. The data were statistically processed using the Anova (Analysis of variance) program. For the gray guinea fowl, the growing period has been divided into three stages of age, differentiated by the protein level of the feed. At the time of population, the body weight of birds was 28.09 ± 0.35 g, and on the day of slaughter (77th day), 1923.76 ± 18.29 g. This weight was achieved with a feed conversion index of 1: 3.64. The gray guinea fowl exhibits good organic resistance and ensures satisfactory meat production under conditions of optimal nutrient feeding. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Subject terms:

GUINEAFOWL - POULTRY reproduction - POULTRY farming

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The Meat in the Sandwich: Welfare and the Governance of Meat-Chicken Production in Australia
Parker, Christine;Carey, Rachel;Scrinis, Gyorgy
Periodical Periodical | Parker, Christine; Carey, Rachel; Scrinis, Gyorgy / 45 J.L. & Soc'y 341 (2018) / Journal of Law and Society, Vol. 45, Issue 3 (September 2018), pp. 341-369 Please log in to see more details

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The Trade Facilitation Agreement: A New Hope for the World Trade Organization
Eliason, Antonia
Periodical Periodical | Eliason, Antonia / 14 World Trade Rev. 643 (2015) / World Trade Review, Vol. 14, Issue 4 (October 2015), pp. 643-670 Please log in to see more details

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The Interaction between World Trade Organisation (WTO) Law and External International Law: The Constrained Openness of WTO Law (A Prologue to a Theory)
Cooreman, Barbara
Periodical Periodical | Cooreman, Barbara / 26 LJIL 492 (2013) / Leiden Journal of International Law, Vol. 26, Issue 2 (June 2013), pp. 492-497 Please log in to see more details

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Private Governance and Animal Welfare
Morath, Sarah J.
Periodical Periodical | Morath, Sarah J. / 9 Geo. Wash. J. Energy & Envtl. L. 21 (2018) / George Washington Journal of Energy and Environmental Law, Vol. 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2018), pp. 21-32 Please log in to see more details

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Much Ado about Food Safety Regulation in Nigeria
Ezirigwe, Jane
Periodical Periodical | Ezirigwe, Jane / 9 J. Sustainable Dev. L. & Pol'y 109 (2018) / Journal of Sustainable Development Law and Policy, Vol. 9, Issue 1 (Spring 2018), pp. 109-132 Please log in to see more details

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Lessons about NAFTA Renegotiations from Shakespeare's Othello: From the Three Amigos to America as Iago
Bhala, Raj
Periodical Periodical | Bhala, Raj / 33 Md. J. Int'l L. 38 (2018) / Maryland Journal of International Law, Vol. 33, Issue 1 (2018), pp. 38-105 Please log in to see more details

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Can micro health insurance reduce poverty? Evidence from Bangladesh
Hamid, Syed Abdul;Roberts, Jennifer;Mosley, Paul
Periodical Periodical | Journal of Risk and Insurance. March 2011, Vol. 78 Issue 1, p57, 26 p. Please log in to see more details
ABSTRACT This article examines the impact of micro health insurance on poverty reducti... more
Can micro health insurance reduce poverty? Evidence from Bangladesh
Journal of Risk and Insurance. March 2011, Vol. 78 Issue 1, p57, 26 p.
ABSTRACT This article examines the impact of micro health insurance on poverty reduction in rural areas of Bangladesh. The research is based on household-level primary data collected from the operating [...]

Subject terms:

Banking industry - Grameen Bank Bhaban - World Bank Group. World Bank - Banking industry -- Case studies - Financial markets -- Case studies - Personal income -- Case studies - Consumer preferences -- Case studies - Animal feeding and feeds -- Case studies - Animal feeding and feeds -- Consumption data - Work hours -- Case studies - Poultry industry -- Case studies - Households -- Case studies - Poverty -- Bangladesh - Poverty -- Case studies - Health insurance industry -- Case studies - Medical research -- Case studies - Medicine, Experimental -- Case studies - Chronic diseases -- Case studies - Chronic diseases -- Care and treatment - Women executives -- Case studies - Bangladesh

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Sustainable Food and the Constitution
Hernandez-Lopez, Ernesto
Periodical Periodical | Hernandez-Lopez, Ernesto / 50 Ariz. St. L.J. 549 (2018) / Arizona State Law Journal, Vol. 50, Issue 2 (Summer 2018), pp. 549-582 Please log in to see more details

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Agribusinesses and Antibiotics: A Market-Based Solution
Parr, Allison
Periodical Periodical | Parr, Allison / 73 Food & Drug L.J. 338 (2018) / Food and Drug Law Journal, Vol. 73, Issue 2 (2018), pp. 338-362 Please log in to see more details

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The Potency of SPS Agreement's Excessivity Test
Schebesta, Hanna;Sinopoli, Dominique
Periodical Periodical | Schebesta, Hanna; Sinopoli, Dominique / 21 J. Int'l Econ. L. 123 (2018) / Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 21, Issue 1 (March 2018), pp. 123-150 Please log in to see more details

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Regulatory Cooperation in International Trade and Its Transformative Effects on Executive Power
Trujillo, Elizabeth
Periodical Periodical | Trujillo, Elizabeth / 25 Ind. J. Global Legal Stud. 365 (2018) / Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Vol. 25, Issue 1 (2018), pp. 365-412 Please log in to see more details

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[Untitled]
Bell, John C. Jr.;McNatt, Hugh Brown
Periodical Periodical | Bell, John C. Jr.; McNatt, Hugh Brown / 25 J. S. Legal Hist. 1 (2018) / Journal of Southern Legal History, Vol. 25, pp. 1-68 Please log in to see more details

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Buying decision-making process for poultry meat
Tina Vukasovič
Academic Journal Academic Journal | British Food Journal, 2010, Vol. 112, Issue 2, pp. 125-139. Please log in to see more details

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A Lot to Digest: Advancing Food Waste Policy in the United States
Evans, Alexandra I.;Nagele, Robin M.
Periodical Periodical | Evans, Alexandra I.; Nagele, Robin M. / 58 Nat. Resources J. 177 (2018) / Natural Resources Journal, Vol. 58, Issue 1 (Winter 2018), pp. 177-214 Please log in to see more details

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Health, Sustainability, and the Political Economy of Food Labeling
Fristoe, Colin
Periodical Periodical | Fristoe, Colin / 38 Cato J. 185 (2018) / Cato Journal, Vol. 38, Issue 1 (Winter 2018), pp. 185-202 Please log in to see more details

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The long view: 40 years of avian leukosis research.
Payne LN;Nair V
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Publisher: Informa Healthcare Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 8210638 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1465-3338 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 03079457 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Avian Pathol. Subsets: MEDLINE Please log in to see more details
The present review is aimed at the non-specialist reader and is one of a number being ... more
The long view: 40 years of avian leukosis research.
Publisher: Informa Healthcare Country of Publication: England NLM ID: 8210638 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1465-3338 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 03079457 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Avian Pathol. Subsets: MEDLINE
The present review is aimed at the non-specialist reader and is one of a number being written on important diseases of poultry to celebrate the 40th anniversary of the birth of Avian Pathology, the journal of the World Veterinary Poultry Association. The diseases of the avian leukosis complex have a number of features of distinction. They were the first neoplastic diseases in any species to be shown, 100 years ago, to be transmissible and caused by viruses, and have consequently been studied extensively by biomedical scientists as models for the role of viruses in cancer. They also became, from around the 1920s, the major cause of mortality and economic loss to the developed poultry industry, and were studied by agricultural scientists searching to understand and control them. The remit of the review is to cover research carried out over the 40 years since 1971, when the journal was founded. In this review on avian leukosis, an introductory summary is given of knowledge acquired over the preceding 60 years. Subsequently a selection is provided of discoveries, both fundamental and more applied, that seem to us to be of particular importance and interest. Much of the work was carried out by biomedical scientists interested in cancer. Probably the most significant was the discovery in the avian retroviruses of oncogenes that cause leukosis and other tumours and of their origin from proto-oncogenes in normal cells. These oncogenes are involved in cancer in many species, including chickens and humans. Other work was performed by agricultural scientists interested in poultry disease. Interests of the two groups have overlapped, particularly as a result of a shift of emphasis to molecular biology research.

Subject terms:

Animals - Avian Leukosis Virus metabolism - History, 20th Century - History, 21st Century - Poultry - Avian Leukosis pathology - Avian Leukosis virology - Avian Leukosis Virus genetics - Research history - Retroviridae Proteins genetics

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One hundred years of the World's Poultry Science Association.
HUNTON, P.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | World's Poultry Science Journal; Dec2012, Vol. 68 Issue 4, p758-767, 10p Please log in to see more details
The World's Poultry Science Association was originally formed as the International Ass... more
One hundred years of the World's Poultry Science Association.
World's Poultry Science Journal; Dec2012, Vol. 68 Issue 4, p758-767, 10p
The World's Poultry Science Association was originally formed as the International Association of Poultry Instructors and Investigators in 1912. Its objectives were to foster the development of the poultry industry, and the exchange of information related to poultry science and technology. From small beginnings it has evolved into a strong international organisation with 7700 members in more than 80 countries. The association publishes the World's Poultry Science Journal and promotes and oversees World's Poultry Congresses. It is active in all areas of the poultry industry, from family poultry in developing countries to institutions of research and learning, and production and processing in the industrial world. [ABSTRACT FROM PUBLISHER]

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No Cows at Sea: A Proposal for a Ban on Live Export from the United States
Donahue, Frank
Periodical Periodical | Donahue, Frank / 35 Wis. Int'l L.J. 643 (2017-2018) / Wisconsin International Law Journal, Vol. 35, Issue 3 (2018), pp. 643-669 Please log in to see more details
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