Results 1 - 25 of 97 for Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma
Sorted by  Relevance | Date

Refine by:

Loading Facets...
Related Searches
Loading Tags...

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Надчеканки на боспорских монетах Полемона I как источник исторической информации / Countermarks on Bosporus coins of Polemon I as a source of historical information
Choref M.M.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 441-467 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The article is devoted to the study of Bosporus bronze coins with the monogram BAE on ... more
Надчеканки на боспорских монетах Полемона I как источник исторической информации / Countermarks on Bosporus coins of Polemon I as a source of historical information
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 441-467 (2017)
The article is devoted to the study of Bosporus bronze coins with the monogram BAE on the reverse. The objects of the study were both initially imprinted images and over-markings on the obverse. The appearance on them of the busts and symbols of Gorgon, Isis, Zeus Amon, and Serapis is not accidental. After all, before the end of the release of bronze with the monogram BAE they were not respected at the state level in the Bosporus state. This fact can be explained by the desire of their issuer, apparently Polemon I, not only to legitimize, but also to sanctify his power. To this end, he planted in it the cults of unknown gods in the region, whom he considered his patrons. The result was an outrage of the majority of the local residents. Increasing of the social tension in the Bosporus state led to decreasing of the zone of influence of its sovereign. As a result, Polemon I began to feel a shortage of funds, reflected not only in the chronic damage to the bronze coin, but also in its counter-marking. On the coins, images of the gods revered in the Bosporus state were placed. However, this did not reconcile Polemon I with his Northern Black Sea subjects. The Romans remained the only support of his regime. For this reason, by the end of the reign of Polemon I, on his bronze, there appeared countermarks glorifying G. Julius Caesar and Augustus. However, the authorities of the Empire understood that the obvious antagonism between Polemon I and his unwilling subjects could lead not only to the collapse of the regime of this sovereign and to a systemic crisis in the Black Sea region but also to the emergence of an anti-Roman center of influence in the region. Moreover, the inhabitants of the Bosporus sought only to restore the situation that had developed under Asander. They also wanted to honor the gods of their fathers. Therefore, the Romans not only distanced themselves from Polemon I, but also found it possible soon after his death to find a common language with the Mithridatides. Thus, the failures of this sovereign pushed the parties to work out a compromise that extended the existence of the Bosporan kingdom for another five centuries.

Subject terms:

Bosporus - history - numismatics - Polemon I - religion - economy - countermarks - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Новый спелеоархеологический объект на Южном берегу Крыма (по материалам раскопок 2015 г. в пещере им. И. Белянского) / New Speleoarcheological Site on the Southern Coast of the Crimea (based on excavations in 2015 in the cave named after I....
Turova N.P.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 165-200 (2017) Please log in to see more details
One of the most urgent tasks facing archaeologists working in the Mountainous Crimea i... more
Новый спелеоархеологический объект на Южном берегу Крыма (по материалам раскопок 2015 г. в пещере им. И. Белянского) / New Speleoarcheological Site on the Southern Coast of the Crimea (based on excavations in 2015 in the cave named after I....
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 165-200 (2017)
One of the most urgent tasks facing archaeologists working in the Mountainous Crimea is the timely study of the objects with well-preserved ancient layers. Taking into account this need, the employees of the Yalta Historical-Literary Museum in 2015 conducted excavations on the territory of the I. Belyansky cave explored by speleologists in 2011. As a result, a new speleoarcheological object was discovered that was used during several centuries. The artifacts and anthropological findings found here suggest that an early medieval cemetery would have been built in the cave. The cave would have been as well a temporary refuge. In addition, the cave was of economic importance. During the summer, it served as a kind of “refrigerator”, as it is witnessed by the discovery of iron hooks. However, the cave had no cultic significance.

Subject terms:

Cave named after I. Belyansky - Mountain Crimea - Ai-Petri karst region - speleoarcheological object - “cave necropolis” - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Бронзовый штемпель аверса солида Юстиниана I из Саратовского областного музея краеведения / Bronze obverse die solidus of Justinian I of the Saratov Regional Museum of Local History
K. Ju. Morzherin
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 8, Pp 592-597 (2016) Please log in to see more details
Объектом нашего изучения стал уникальный раннесредневековый памятник — бронзовый штамп... more
Бронзовый штемпель аверса солида Юстиниана I из Саратовского областного музея краеведения / Bronze obverse die solidus of Justinian I of the Saratov Regional Museum of Local History
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 8, Pp 592-597 (2016)
Объектом нашего изучения стал уникальный раннесредневековый памятник — бронзовый штамп для чеканки лицевой стороны солида Юстиниана I. Он был найден на рубеже 1920-х гг. в западноказахстанских степях, близ станицы Астраханской Уральской губ. В настоящее время этот артефакт хранился в Саратовском областном музее краеведения. Полагаем, что заинтересовавший нас бронзовый штемпель использовался для производства варварских реплик солида Юстиниана I. Они предназначались для насыщения местного обращения, усвоившего византийские монеты как платежные средства в период существования Великого шелкового пути. Выносим результаты нашего изучения этого артефакта на научное обсуждение. / The object of our study was a unique early medieval monument — bronze stamp for embossing the face of the solidus of Justinian I. It was found at the turn of the 1920s. In the West Kazakhstani steppes, near the village of Astrakhan Ural province. At present, this artifact was kept in the Saratov Regional Museum of Local History. We believe that the bronze stamp that interested us was used to produce barbaric remarks of Justinian's solid. They were intended to saturate local circulation, which acquired Byzantine coins as payment means during the Great Silk Road. We bring the results of our study of this artifact to a scientific discussion.

Subject terms:

Archaeology - history - numismatics - Byzantium - Silk Road - barbaric imitation - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Поливная керамика Крыма от эпохи Золотой Орды и генуэзской колонизации до Османских завоеваний: 120 лет исследований (историографический очерк) / Glazed Pottery of Crimea from the Epoch of Golden Horde and Genoese Colonization till Ottoman Conquest: 120...
I. B. Teslenko
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 8, Pp 192-260 (2016) Please log in to see more details
За более чем вековой период исследований керамики Крыма поздневизантийского периода на... more
Поливная керамика Крыма от эпохи Золотой Орды и генуэзской колонизации до Османских завоеваний: 120 лет исследований (историографический очерк) / Glazed Pottery of Crimea from the Epoch of Golden Horde and Genoese Colonization till Ottoman Conquest: 120...
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 8, Pp 192-260 (2016)
За более чем вековой период исследований керамики Крыма поздневизантийского периода накоплен значительный объем разного рода информации, заслуживающий комплексного анализа, что и предлагается в настоящем историографическом исследовании. В истории изучения данной проблемы выделено 3 этапа. Работы первого из них (кон. XIX — перв. четв. XX вв.) основывались на предметах из музейных коллекций и случайных сборов, носили преимущественно описательный, искусствоведческий характер. Второй этап (втор. четв. — 70-е гг. XX в.) характеризуется увеличением масштабов раскопок средневековых памятников, интенсивным накоплением нового археологического материала, что стимулировало начало его более глубокого осмысления. В 50—70-е гг. XX в. увидели свет первые специальные труды по средневековой керамике Таврики. Однако, в силу различных причин разработка детальной хронологии и типологии находок кон. XIII—XV вв. оказалась невозможной. На третьем этапе, охватывающем два последних десятилетий XX — нач. XXI вв., количество и качество публикаций, касающихся керамики Таврики XIII—XV вв., значительно возросло. Введены в научный оборот итоги раскопок некоторых гончарных мастерских, а также иных объектов с узкими датами в промежутке от посл. трети XIII до третьей четв. XV в., предложены новые методологические подходы в работе с массовыми керамическими находками. Эти достижения позволили добиться ощутимого прогресса в различных направлениях керамологических исследований (детальной датировке, типологии, археометрическом изучении), а также подготовили базу для будущих обобщающих монографических трудов, насущность которых сейчас очевидна. / For more than a century of research of late Byzantine glazed pottery of Crimea a considerable amount of information has been accumulated. These data deserves a comprehensive analysis, which is proposed in the historiographical review. There are three stages in the history of the study. The works of the first one (late XIX — first quarter of XX centuries), which based on materials from the museum collections and random finds, were mostly descriptive and related to the history of art. The second stage (second quarter — 70-s of the XX century) is characterized by increase of excavations of the medieval monuments and intensive accumulation of new archaeological data, which stimulated the beginning of their deeper comprehension. However, due to various reasons, the elaboration of a detailed chronology and typology of findings of the late XIII—XV centuries had not been done. At the third stage, covering the last two decades of the XX — beginning of the XX centuries, the quantity and quality of publications concerning the ceramics of the XIII—XV centuries from Crimea are significantly increasing. The materials from excavation of some pottery workshops, as well as other objects with narrow dates in the interval from the last third of the XIII to the third quarter of the XV century were introduced into scientific publications. New methodological approaches for working with ceramics finding have been proposed too. These achievements made it possible to reach appreciable progress in the various directions of ceramological researches (typology, precise dating, archaeometric study etc.), and also prepared the basis for future general monographic works, the urgency of which is now evident.

Subject terms:

Crimea - Medieval archaeology - glazed ceramics - XIII—XIV centuries - historiography - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Ретро- и перспективы гибридных политий в Крыму и на Тамани XI—XII века / Retro- and prospectivs of hybrid polities in the Crimea and Taman of XI—XII centuries
A. G. Emanov
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 8, Pp 659-665 (2016) Please log in to see more details
Анализируется концепция развития византийско-русского пограничья в Крыму и на Тамани в... more
Ретро- и перспективы гибридных политий в Крыму и на Тамани XI—XII века / Retro- and prospectivs of hybrid polities in the Crimea and Taman of XI—XII centuries
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 8, Pp 659-665 (2016)
Анализируется концепция развития византийско-русского пограничья в Крыму и на Тамани в эпоху Македонской и Комниновской династий, предложенная Андреем Слядзем. Отмечаются достижения автора, дискуссионность отдельных положений, в частности, деградации Херсона в XI—XII вв., идентификации Хазарии как восточной части Крыма, приазовской Рóсии как обозначения всей Руси и др. Указываются упущения в использовании источников, в частности, «Истории» Михаила Атталиата, продолжателя Иоанна Скилицы, сочинений Иоанна Мавропа, Никифора Урана и др. Обращается внимание на забвение последних западных публикаций по проблеме, а именно: Флорина Курты, Моники Уайт, Кристиана Раффеншпергера, Мартина Дымника, Федира Андрощука и др. / The study analyses the concept of the Byzantine-Russian Borderlands development in the Crimea and on the Taman Peninsula in the epoch of the Macedonian and Komnenos dynasties, proposed by Andrey Slyads’. The author notes achievement, much discussion of any ideas, in particular, the degradation of Cherson in the XI—XII centuries, identifying Khazaria as Eastern Crimea, Azov Rósia as designation of all Russia, etc. The author indicate omissions in the sources use, in particular, the “History” of Michael Attaleiates and Johannes Skylitzes Continuatus, works of John Mauropous and Nikiphoros Ouranos. Special attention is paid to oblivion last Western publications, namely: Florin Curta, Monica White, Christian Raffensperger, Martin Dimnik and Fedir Androshchuk.

Subject terms:

Cherson - Tmutarakan - XI—XII centuries - Basil II "the Bulgar-Slayer - Mstislav Tmutarakans - Alexios I Komnenos - Oleg Tmutarakans - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
О торговых связях города на плато Эски-Кермен с Херсоном (по материалам строительной керамики) / On trade relations of the City on the Plateau of Eski-Kermen with Cherson (data from building ceramics)
Zavadskaya I.A.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 145-164 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The article is the first description of the complex of roof tiles of the 1st group acc... more
О торговых связях города на плато Эски-Кермен с Херсоном (по материалам строительной керамики) / On trade relations of the City on the Plateau of Eski-Kermen with Cherson (data from building ceramics)
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 145-164 (2017)
The article is the first description of the complex of roof tiles of the 1st group according to the Chersonesian classification, discovered during the excavations of the urban quarter at the Eski-Kermen plateau in 2003—2008, 2013, 2015—2017 (headed by A. I. Aibabin and E. A. Khayredinova). It was argued that this group of roof tiles was made in the medieval Cherson or in its neighborhood. In the excavated part of the Eski-Kermena quarter, its volume was 9.7 % of the total number of tiles. The most of this group of tiles was found in the layers of destruction of the manor houses II and III. Probably shortly before the destruction of the quarter in the late 13th century, the tile imported from Cherson was used for the reconstruction of the roofs of these manors. Many ceramides had relief marks in the form of Greek letters, symbols, images of animals, birds and humans. Some of them are identical to the roof tiles from the excavations of Cherson. Thus, the tile, along with other handicraft products, was a part of the range of goods brought from Cherson to the Eski-Kermen plateau.

Subject terms:

Southwest Crimea - Eski-Kermen - Chersonesos - medieval roof tiles - relief marks - production and trade - trade routes - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Оборонительные сооружения ранневизантийского Херсона: реконструкция и развитие городской фортификации в IV—VI вв. / The Defensive structures of Early Byzantine Cherson: reconstruction and development of city fortification from the fourth to the sixth...
Vus O.V.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 203-247 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The organization of a reliable engineering defense of the Tauric Chersonesos (Cherson)... more
Оборонительные сооружения ранневизантийского Херсона: реконструкция и развитие городской фортификации в IV—VI вв. / The Defensive structures of Early Byzantine Cherson: reconstruction and development of city fortification from the fourth to the sixth...
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 203-247 (2017)
The organization of a reliable engineering defense of the Tauric Chersonesos (Cherson) from the fourth to the sixth centuries has been studied using architectural and epigraphical monuments as well as narrative sources and archeological artifacts. The author distinguishes several stages of Byzantine military construction in the city and comes to the conclusion on the permanence of this process. The paper focuses on the main causes of military-engineering activities: preparation for holding off an attack of the nomadic peoples of the Huns (in 375) and Göktürks (in 576), the realization of the imperial military construction program of Justinian I (527—565), as well as the need to restore the fortifications of Cherson after the devastating earthquakes of 480, 554, and 557. The author states that the defensive buildings erected in the late fourth century, the last quarter of the firth century, and the first third and the second half of the sixth century protected the Tauric Chersonesus (Cherson) from hostile attacks and ensured strategic interests of Byzantium in the Northern Coast of the Black Sea.

Subject terms:

Roman Empire - Byzantium - Taurica - Tauric Chersonesos (Cherson) - reconstruction - fortification - military construction - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
О «пещере Парфенон» в Херсонесе / About the “Parthenon Сave” in Chersonesos
Sorochan S.B.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 297-310 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The problem of localization of the “Parthenon Cave” reported by the “Lives of the Bish... more
О «пещере Парфенон» в Херсонесе / About the “Parthenon Сave” in Chersonesos
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 297-310 (2017)
The problem of localization of the “Parthenon Cave” reported by the “Lives of the Bishops of Cherson” has repeatedly been the subject of scientific research. As a result, many versions were made for scientific discussion in the opinion of their creators, which made it possible to determine its location. My research was conducted to analyze these hypotheses. Having studied the issue, I come to the conclusion that the data of the topography of Chersonesos—Cherson make it possible to most convincingly link the sought-after monument with the Martyrium with the underground crypt in quarter III in the eastern part of the city. The sanctuary that existed here a few dozen meters from the temenos Parthenon is possible from the end of the Hellenistic era or from the first centuries CE. In the 4th century. it was abandoned and in its place arose the economic complex of early Byzantine times. Then, after events unknown to us, most likely connected with the pious searches of townspeople by their Christian relics, it again became the place of worship of Christians who arranged their sacred places in return for pagan ones.

Subject terms:

Tauric Chersonesos - Lives of the Cherson Bishops - Parthenon - Byzantine Empire - hagiography - topography - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Торговля на Среднеднестровском Левобережье в IX—XIII вв. / Trade in the Dniester River Left Bank Middle Region in 9th — 13th centuries
Maiarchak S.P.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 381-387 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The subject of study are trade relations in the 9th — 13th centuries. in the South of ... more
Торговля на Среднеднестровском Левобережье в IX—XIII вв. / Trade in the Dniester River Left Bank Middle Region in 9th — 13th centuries
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 381-387 (2017)
The subject of study are trade relations in the 9th — 13th centuries. in the South of Eastern Europe, or, more precisely, in one of the regions of Ancient Rus — on the Left bank of the Middle Dniester within the Khmelnytsky region of Ukraine. Considerable attention was paid to the identification of trade routes passing through this territory. In the course of the research, the facts that were suitable for covering trade relations in the region in the 9th — 11th centuries were summarized and investigated. As a result, I concluded that trade in the region predominantly had the form of commodity exchange. And it involved the population of settlements of various social types. It was established that from the region, primarily agricultural products and fisheries were exported: fur, honey, wax, and fish.

Subject terms:

Dnister river Left bank Middle region - Podillya - Khmel’nyts’ka Oblast’ - Ukraine - trade - Ancient Rus - 9th — 13th centuries - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
О публикации надписей с городища Артезиан в Восточном Крыму / On the Publication of Inscriptions from Fortress Artezian in East Crimea
Yailenko V.P.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 471-484 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The author has critically revised the published by A. V. Belousov inscriptions from Fo... more
О публикации надписей с городища Артезиан в Восточном Крыму / On the Publication of Inscriptions from Fortress Artezian in East Crimea
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 471-484 (2017)
The author has critically revised the published by A. V. Belousov inscriptions from Fortress Artezian in East Crimea — graffito on ceramic fragment and epitaph. He reveals the editor’s mistakes and gives an adequate text and commentary. Recto, ll. 1-2: scribe’s name Salas and full alphabet. Ll. 3-6: [? Δολ]ηι χαίριν, | χαίριν | [ Ἀπ]άτουρος, | [κα]λὸς Δολης, δ[οι]οι (? sc. καλοί) «[? “regards to Doles, heil Apaturos, Doles is beautiful; (?) both are beautiful”. Tergo, ll. 1-2: ἐλήκασα, {μη} οὐδ᾽ | ὁ Δολης «“It is me, who defloravit, but not this Doles”. Epitaph: Σωστιβι Διωνυσίου καὶ ὑοὶ Δισακὸς καὶ Παδαφου, χαιρετε “Sostibios, Dionysios’ son, and the sons Disakos and Padaphous, farewell”. The names Σωστιβιος and Παδαφους are Anatolian, Δισακός = = Greek Διψακός. A date of both inscriptions is I or II Century AD.

Subject terms:

Artezian - inscriptions - textual criticism - commentary - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Изображения на храмове по реверсите на монетите от автономното бронзово монетосечене по Българските земли в периода І—ІІІ век от Новата Ера / Images of temples on coin reversals from autonomous bronze coinage in Bulgaria in the period I—III...
Деспотов П. / Despotov P.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 6, Pp 488-546 (2014) Please log in to see more details
Целта на настоящата работа е да изследва монетите, сечени през периода І—ІІІ век — от ... more
Изображения на храмове по реверсите на монетите от автономното бронзово монетосечене по Българските земли в периода І—ІІІ век от Новата Ера / Images of temples on coin reversals from autonomous bronze coinage in Bulgaria in the period I—III...
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 6, Pp 488-546 (2014)
Целта на настоящата работа е да изследва монетите, сечени през периода І—ІІІ век — от времето на Домициан до управлението на Гордиан ІІІ в античните градове на територията на днешна България, на чиито реверси са изобразени храмове. Да извлече информация както за конкретни паметници, в основната си част непроучени чрез археологически разкопки, така и за историята на развитието на различните култове по днешните български земи през периода І—ІІІ век. / The study survey the roman coins during the period I—III century — from Domitian to Gordian III in ancient towns in Bulgaria at whitch reverses are depicted temples. Retrieves information for specific monuments for the most part unexplored by archaeological excavations and the history of the development of various cults in the Roman provinces in Bulgaria during the period I—III century.

Subject terms:

Рим - България - римски провинции - монетни реверси - храмове / Rome - Bulgaria - Roman provinces - coin reversals - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Случайные находки салтово-маяцкой культуры из окрестностей заповедника «Каменные Могилы» / The Saltov-Mayatsky Culture Fortuitous Findings from the Stone Graves Reserve Environs
E.N. Tarasenko;M.E. Tarasenko;D.E. Tarasenko
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 7, Pp 71-86 (2016) Please log in to see more details
Статья посвящена описанию и идентификации ряда случайных находок железных предметов в ... more
Случайные находки салтово-маяцкой культуры из окрестностей заповедника «Каменные Могилы» / The Saltov-Mayatsky Culture Fortuitous Findings from the Stone Graves Reserve Environs
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 7, Pp 71-86 (2016)
Статья посвящена описанию и идентификации ряда случайных находок железных предметов в верхнем течении реки Каратыш (левый приток Берды), южнее отделения «Каменные Могилы» Украинского степного природного заповедника, в Володарском районе Донецкой области (Украина). Путем сопоставления с уже введенным в научный оборот археологическим материалом указанные находки отнесены к салтово-маяцкой культуре и могут быть датированы VIII—X вв. н.э. Для решения вопросов о масштабе возможного поселения салтово-маяцкой культуры, о связи этих случайных находок с известным поселением Украинка I, курганной группой на правобережье Каратыша и описанными запорожским краеведом Я.П. Новицким следами «татарского города» требуются дополнительные разведки и исследования. The article covers description and identification of a number of iron objects fortuitous findings in the upstream of the Karatish River (a left feeder of the Berda), further south than the Stone Graves (the Kamenniye Mogili) branch of the Ukrainian Steppe Nature Reserve, in Volodarsk district of the Donetsk region (Ukraine). The above mentioned findings are concerned to the Saltov-Mayatsky culture and can be dated to the 8th—10th centuries AD by comparison with archaeological material that is already introduced into the science. Additional explorations and researches are required to solve the questions concerning the scale of possible settlement of the Saltov-Mayatsky culture, the relation of these fortuitous findings to Ukrainka I settlement known to the present time, to the Kurgan group on the right bank of the Karatish, and to traces of “the Tatar town”, described by local history expert Ya. P. Novitzkiy.

Subject terms:

салтово-маяцкая культура - случайные находки - Розовка - Каменные могилы - Каратыш - Украинка I - кистень - the Saltov-Mayatsky culture - fortuitous findings - Rozovka - the Stone Graves - Karatish - Ukrainka I - flail - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Надчеканки на медных монетах боспорского архонта Асандра / Countermarks on copper coins of the Bosporus archon Asander
M.M. Choref
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 7, Pp 279-299 (2016) Please log in to see more details
Объектом нашего исследования стали контрамарки, встречающиеся на монетах этого североп... more
Надчеканки на медных монетах боспорского архонта Асандра / Countermarks on copper coins of the Bosporus archon Asander
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Vol 7, Pp 279-299 (2016)
Объектом нашего исследования стали контрамарки, встречающиеся на монетах этого северопонтийского государя. Считаем, что их оттискивали при Полемоне I. Так, выявленную нами надчеканку с дифферентом «палица» выбивали на монетном дворе стратегии Диоскуриады. Датируем ее первым выступлением жителей Боспора против Полемона I, т.е. 14 г. до н.э. Звездовидную контрамарку использовали на монетном дворе аспургиан. Она появилась в результате восстания в азиатской части Боспора, вызванного браком Полемона I с Пифодоридой. Эту надчеканку начали оттискивать на монетах в 12 г. до н.э. Ее использовали до момента гибели упомянутого римского ставленника. Монограмму, состоящую их символов «», «» и «», разобранную нами на вновь выявленной надчеканке, также датируем 12 г. до н.э. Читаем в ней первые буквы имени и указание на должность вельможи — лидера восставших, до этого управлявшего Танаисом и его округой. Полагаем, что при Полемоне I в восточной части Боспорского царства возникали региональные центры власти, неподконтрольные официальному Пантикапею. Они могли санкционировать контрамаркирование. Судя по надчеканкам, большая их часть просуществовала сравнительно недолго. Так, монеты с контрамаркой «палица» крайне редки. Нечасто встречаются и бронзы с выбитой на них монограммой. В то же время звездовидная контрамарка оттиснута на множестве оболов, обращавшихся в эпоху Асандра. Полагаем, что это обстоятельство свидетельствует о продолжительности периода деятельности использовавшего ее эмиссионного центра, и, следовательно, санкционировавшего надчеканивание органа власти. Считаем, что появление контрамарок свидетельствует о тяжести кризиса, поразившего Боспорское царство на рубеже н.э., вызванного грубым вмешательством Рима во внутренние дела этого государства. The paper presents a study of countermarks on coins of Asander, a Bosporus archon. We believe that the countermarks when stamped at the time of Polemon I. We have discovered that the countermark with a mace, or a fighting stick different was stamped at the Dioscurias strategy mint. We date the countermark back to 14 BC, which was the time when the Bosporians confronted Polemon I for the first time. A star-like countermark was used at the mint of Aspurgians and appeared as a result of the uprising against Polemon I in the Asian side of Bosporus as a reaction to Polemon I’s marriage to Pifodorida. This countermark had been stamped starting from 12 BC and used until the death of the Roman appointee. We have analyzed the monogram containing the symbols of “”, “” and “”, on the newly identified countermark and we also date it back to 12 BC. We believe that these symbols stand for the first letters of the name and indicate the position of the nobleman who was the rebel leader and had ruled Tanais and the neighbouring towns before the Roman appointee. We believe that at the time of Polemon I there were regional power centers emerging in the eastern part of the Bosporan Kingdom beyond the control of the official Panticapaeum, and such centers could authorize countermarking. Judging by the countermarks, most of them lasted for a relatively short time. For example, coins with a mace countermark were extremely rare, as were bronze coins with a monogram. At the same time, there was a star-like countermark on the set of obols circulating in the time of Asander. In our opinion, this fact testifies to the duration of the emission center and the power body authorizing the countermarks on coins. We believe that the countermarks on coins indicate how severe the crisis in the Bosporan Kingdom was in terms of the state’s reaction towards the Roman interference in kingdom’s internal affairs at the turn of the new age.

Subject terms:

Боспор - история - нумизматика - Асандр - Динамия - Полемон I - дифференты - монограмма - надчеканка - Bosporus - history - numismatics - Asander - Dynamis - Polemon I - differents - monogram - countermark - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Тшинецкий культурный круг — связующее звено между Балтийским и Черноморским регионами в эпоху поздней бронзы (2 тыс. до н.э.) / Tshinecs cultural circle as a link between the Baltic and Black Sea Regions in the Late Bronze Age (2nd millennium BCE)
Lysenko S.D.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 23-66 (2017) Please log in to see more details
Tshinetsky cultural circle (TCC) is a group of related archaeological cultures of the ... more
Тшинецкий культурный круг — связующее звено между Балтийским и Черноморским регионами в эпоху поздней бронзы (2 тыс. до н.э.) / Tshinecs cultural circle as a link between the Baltic and Black Sea Regions in the Late Bronze Age (2nd millennium BCE)
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 23-66 (2017)
Tshinetsky cultural circle (TCC) is a group of related archaeological cultures of the Late Bronze Age in forest and steppe zones of Eastern Europe. It embraces the territory from the Oder River basin in the west to the Desna basin in the east, from the Baltic in the north to the border of the right-bank forest-steppe and steppe in the south. TCC area is divided into Western (Baltic Sea Basin) and the Eastern (Black Sea basin) arrays. To the west array belongs Tshinets culture, to the east — Komarov (in the forest) and Sosnitsa (in Polesie) cultures. The only category of culturally significant artifacts for the entire TCC area is a ceramic complex, especially tulip vessels with S-shaped profile and bowls. The origins of morphology of the vessels with S-shaped profile are traced in the archaeological cultures of the Middle Bronze Age of South Baltic (Riesenbecher type vessels). Throughout the entire development the TCC was influenced by the cultural formatuions of the steppe zone of Eastern Europe. The penetration Tshinets-Komorov pottery and metallic adornments in area of steppe cultures of the Northwest Black Sea littoral is traced.

Subject terms:

Tshinets cultural circle - ceramic - funeral rite - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Каменные сверленые орудия из коллекции Ялтинского историко-литературного музея / Stone Drilled Tools from the Collection of the Yalta Historical-Literary Museum
Stupko M.V.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 11-22 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The object of this study is a selection of stone drilled tools found at different time... more
Каменные сверленые орудия из коллекции Ялтинского историко-литературного музея / Stone Drilled Tools from the Collection of the Yalta Historical-Literary Museum
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 11-22 (2017)
The object of this study is a selection of stone drilled tools found at different times in the city of Yalta and in its surroundings as random finds. At present, they are kept in the Yalta Historical-Literary Museum. These tools are stone drilled axes-hammers, hammers and pickaxes. In the course of the study, it was established that the axes-hammers are to be identified as instruments of the pit cultural-historical community. The most illustrative example of this group is the stone bec de corbin, direct analogues of which are found in the sites of the steppe Eneolithic of the Black Sea and the late Trypillia. It was concluded that the Southern shore was inhabited by tribes of the same cultural and historical communities as those of the Steppes of the Northern Black Sea Coast and the foothills of the Crimea.

Subject terms:

Early Metal Era - Southern Coast of Crimea - stone drilled axe-hammers - stone beak-shaped warhammer - stone hoes - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Греческая колонизация Синдики / The Greek colonization of Syndika
Novichikhin A.M.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 67-96 (2017) Please log in to see more details
With archaeological studies of the Anapa area, the territory of the historical Syndika... more
Греческая колонизация Синдики / The Greek colonization of Syndika
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 67-96 (2017)
With archaeological studies of the Anapa area, the territory of the historical Syndika, it was established that the first contacts of the Greek world with the local population date back to the late seventh—early sixth centuries BCE. The active development of the coast of Syndika by the Greeks begun in the second half of the sixth century BCE, when there are here the Alekseevskoe and Anapskoye settlements. The Anapa settlement soon became a significant center. Probably it is this colony that was known to ancient authors as Syndica or the Syndician harbour. Traces of destruction and fires of the late sixth and fifth centuries BCE, discovered with archaeological excavations, indicate the unstable situation in Syndica before its inclusion into the Bosporus state and the emergence of the Bosporan polis of Gorgippia in the place of the Syndician harbour. The materials of the necropolis of the Anapa settlement and sparse epigraphic monuments testify to the ethnic heterogeneity of its population that included people from Greek centers and representatives of barbarian peoples.

Subject terms:

Greek colonization - Bosporus - Syndika - Gorgippia - archaeology - epigraphy - settlement - necropolis - the Greeks - the Scythians - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
«Княжеские» находки и центры власти гуннского времени на периферии понтийской степи / “Princely” finds and centers of power of the Hunnic time on the periphery of the Pontic steppe
Kazanski Michel
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 127-137 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The geography of the so-called princely finds, related to the last third of the 4th — ... more
«Княжеские» находки и центры власти гуннского времени на периферии понтийской степи / “Princely” finds and centers of power of the Hunnic time on the periphery of the Pontic steppe
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 127-137 (2017)
The geography of the so-called princely finds, related to the last third of the 4th — first half of the 5th century on the northern and western periphery of the Black Sea steppes, occupied at that time by the Huns, is considered. These findings are associated with sedentary populations, since they are located on the territory where archeological cultures of sedentary barbarians are recorded. The geography of their distribution allows us to identify centers of power, so-called barbarian “kingdoms” on the outskirts of the Hunnic steppe. These centers of power were undoubtedly located in the zone of military and political domination of the Huns. In relation to the sedentary barbarians dependent on them, the Huns used two forms of control. In the first case, power was exercised through the agent appointed by the Huns. The second form of government presupposes the existence of vassal barbarous political formations, where the Huns used the power of a local sedentary aristocracy.

Subject terms:

Hunniс Period - Barbaricum - “princely” finds - power centers - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Византийский разновес, найденный на территории Гурзуфа / Byzantine weight found on the territory of Gurzuf
Manaev A.Ju.;Novikov S.A.;Turova N.P.;Choref M.M.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 138-144 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The object of this study is the Byzantine bronze weight found in 2017. The cross and t... more
Византийский разновес, найденный на территории Гурзуфа / Byzantine weight found on the territory of Gurzuf
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 138-144 (2017)
The object of this study is the Byzantine bronze weight found in 2017. The cross and the weight designation “ΓΒ” are visible. Therefore, there is every reason to identify it as a two-ounce weft. However, the process of its production was not completed. The root of the weaver was not polished, there are no traces of silver inlay on its sides. Most probably, the weight was rejected after the first weigh-in, because it weighs considerably less than the standard. We think that the studied weight was made on the spot, quite possible on the territory of Gurzuf. It is hard to believe that a defective, unformed properly dumbbell was brought from another center. This circumstance allows us to make a historical conclusion. We admit that Gorzuvitas’s importance as a regional trading center was relatively high—at least, sufficiently for establishing production of weights for its needs.

Subject terms:

history - archeology - Byzantium - Taurica - Byzantine weight - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Византийские (средиземноморские) мечи с перекрестьями с муфтой IX—XI вв. / Byzantine (Mediterranian) 9th — 11th century swords with sleeve cross-guards
Baranov G.V.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 248-283 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The article reviews such as a group of early medieval swords with cross-guards having ... more
Византийские (средиземноморские) мечи с перекрестьями с муфтой IX—XI вв. / Byzantine (Mediterranian) 9th — 11th century swords with sleeve cross-guards
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 248-283 (2017)
The article reviews such as a group of early medieval swords with cross-guards having three main elements: a collar, a quillon and a sleeve. A significant number of such swords as well as separate cross-guards were found in Eastern Europe and are dated from the 9th c. (possibly as early as the second half of the 8th c.) to the 11th c. This design of cross-guards is typical of the Mediterranean region. Its wide spread across Eastern Europe should be linked to the influence of the Byzantine Empire, where comparable items can be found in art. The paper categorizes cross-guards of this kind into three main types and describes the principal trends in their evolution: reduction of collar and sleeve height and increasing quillon length. Two types of pommels in such swords are described, as well as remaining elements of scabbards.

Subject terms:

sword-guard - spatha - Byzantine Empire - medieval arms - Byzantine arms - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
The Import of Gun Barrels and Their Price in Georgia in 17th — 18th cc.
Tabuashvili Apolon
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 284-293 (2017) Please log in to see more details
Fire arms were manufactured in Georgia from 17th — 18th cc. Because of this the fire a... more
The Import of Gun Barrels and Their Price in Georgia in 17th — 18th cc.
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 284-293 (2017)
Fire arms were manufactured in Georgia from 17th — 18th cc. Because of this the fire arms were widely spread among the population. The Georgians actively used guns in the 17th and especially 18th cc. Furthermore, the production from Tbilisi spread to the neighbouring countries. Flintlock guns consisted of three major details: barrel, flintlock mechanism, and stock. The sources confirm that the flintlock mechanisms and stocks were produced locally. As to the gun barrels, the situation was quite different. Imported gun barrels from Crimea were generally used to produce fire arms in Tbilisi and the rest of Georgia. It was because of Crimean gun barrels that the most commonly used term for a gun in Georgia was “Kirimi”/”Khirimi”. The Ethnology and Modern History Guns Fund of the Georgian National Museum (Simon Janashia Museum of Georgia) also hosts hundreds of guns with imported Crimean gun barrels produced in the 18th c. Tbilisi. The import of gun barrels was well documented in the Georgian customs tax tariff, which enables the scholars to establish guns’ prices in those times.

Subject terms:

Georgia - Crimea - fire arm - Crimean barrel - Tbilisi - prices - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Византийский мрамор Херсонеса Таврического: начало изучения / Byzantine marble of Tauric Chersonesos: beginning of the study
Khrushkova L.G.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 311-341 (2017) Please log in to see more details
In the article the beginning of the study of marble architectural details brought to T... more
Византийский мрамор Херсонеса Таврического: начало изучения / Byzantine marble of Tauric Chersonesos: beginning of the study
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 311-341 (2017)
In the article the beginning of the study of marble architectural details brought to Tauric Chersonesos from Byzantine workshops is considered. The first author who turned to the study of the early Byzantine basilica of Tauric Chersonesos and their marble decor was Alexandr L. Bertier Delagarde. He made an important conclusion about the origin of marbles from Proconessos, but the dates he proposed were not confirmed. Unfortunately, the excavations of Tauric Chersonesos under the guidance of the Archaeological Commission (Sankt-Petersburg) was conducted not professionally, therefore there is no information on the structure with which the capitals and other elements are connected. The publication of the marble catalog conceived by Dmitry V. Ainalov did not take place. For the first time the typological and chronological classification of the marbles of Tauric Chersonesos was first realized by Anatoly L. Yakobson more than a century later and a quarter after the beginning of the excavations of the basilicas of Tauric Chersonesos.

Subject terms:

archaeology - historiography - architecture - Tauric Chersonesos - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
К вопросу о некоторых памятниках Херсонеса Таврического и средневековой грузинской архитектуры / Towards Some Monuments of Tauric Chersonesus and Medieval Georgian Architecture
Silagadze Nino
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 342-352 (2017) Please log in to see more details
As it is known, in the early Christian era there were close ties between the Chersones... more
К вопросу о некоторых памятниках Херсонеса Таврического и средневековой грузинской архитектуры / Towards Some Monuments of Tauric Chersonesus and Medieval Georgian Architecture
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 342-352 (2017)
As it is known, in the early Christian era there were close ties between the Chersonesus and the Georgian churches, as a number of historical written sources indicate it. In this article, we consider the architectural features of Chersonesus cross-shaped churches and some monuments of Georgian medieval architecture. As the analysis of these samples shows, in the evolution of religious architecture in both regions many common features can be found. All examples of the architecture of the Crimea, discussed below, were found on the Chersonesus site and its surroundings as a result of archaeological excavations. As A. Yakobson notes, in Chersonese there were preserved 6 early Christian churches in the shape of Greek cross. The subject of our interest is the architectural and typological features of these buildings, which, in our opinion, have much in common with similar churches in medieval Georgia.

Subject terms:

croix libre - Chersonesus - Georgia - architecture - church - Byzantium - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals

Additional actions:

  • Book Cart
  • Email
  • Export to RefWorks
  • Export to EndNote
Нижнедонская контактная зона взаимодействия номадов и оседлого населения в первые века н.э. / Lower Don Contact Zone of interaction of Nomads and the Settled Population in the first centuries CE
Vdovchenkov E.V.
Academic Journal Academic Journal | Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 355-366 (2017) Please log in to see more details
The article is devoted to one of the most pressing problems of the history of the anci... more
Нижнедонская контактная зона взаимодействия номадов и оседлого населения в первые века н.э. / Lower Don Contact Zone of interaction of Nomads and the Settled Population in the first centuries CE
Materialy po Arheologii i Istorii Antičnogo i Srednevekovogo Kryma, Iss 9, Pp 355-366 (2017)
The article is devoted to one of the most pressing problems of the history of the ancient Northern Black Sea region: the situation in the Lower Don contact zone in the first centuries CE. Its main peculiarity was the mutual influence of the ancient and barbarian Iranian world on the one hand, and the interaction of the sedentary and nomadic population of the region on the other. In the Lower Don from the first to the third centuries CE, lived three different ethno-cultural groups: the nomads of Sarmatia, the Greeks (inhabitants of Tanais), and the Meotians (in the ancient settlements on the right and left banks of Don). Based on the analysis of archaeological data and written sources, the features of the Lower Don contact zone are presented as a result of evolution in three interconnected planes: economic, ethno-cultural, and political. Attention is paid to the problem of the Tanais and Meotian fortifications, as well as to the identification of specific cultural practices that arisen in the Lower Don contact zone.

Subject terms:

Tanais - Sarmatians - Meotians - Lower Don area - surface area - sarmatisation - Archaeology - CC1-960

Content provider:

Directory of Open Access Journals
 1   2   3   ...   next